I guess you may be wondering what it takes on how to register a product in NAFDAC and get the NAFDAC registration number or perhaps you are wondering how NAFDAC operates. Well, if that’s the case, I trust you’ll find this piece useful after taking some minutes off your busy schedule to go through it.
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The National Agency for Food and Drugs Administration and Control (NAFDAC) is a Nigerian government agency under the Federal Ministry of Health is mandated by Decree 15 of 1993 as amended by Decree 19 of 1999 Constitution and the NAFDAC Act Cap N1 Laws of Nigeria, 2004 to regulate and control the importation, production, exportation, sales, advertisement, distribution and use of food, drugs, etc.
If you wish to go into businesses related to food and drug, it is advisable to think of how to register it with NAFDAC else you run the risk of being shut down by the Agency. Most times manufacturers do not wish to register their products because of the rigorous processes involved.
The agency is particularly renowned in Nigeria for seriously fighting the war against counterfeit drugs. To register a product in NAFDAC involves some processes that you have to follow. So, this piece will outline step-by-step procedures on how to register a product in NAFDAC.
For people in the know, NAFDAC categorizes products registration into 2 categories: Drugs and food. Drugs classified are vaccines, pesticides and chemicals, veterinary products, supplements, etc.
Both products locally manufactured and the ones manufactured locally have to meet certain conditions before they will be approved by NAFDAC.
If it is an imported product, the importer must initiate the process and the importer must have a company registered with Corporate Affairs Commission.
The applicant must be based in Nigeria who must have a duly signed Power of Attorney from the manufacturer authorizing the Nigerian representative to act in their capacity in Nigeria and with the name of the product explicitly stated.
The requirement you must meet or provide to register a product in NAFDAC include:
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Processing fee of two hundred and fifty thousand naira plus 5% VAT per product for Prescription Only Medicines (POM) as well as one million naira plus 5% VAT by bank draft in favour of the Agency
Also for locally Manufactured Drug Products:
(i) Drug – Seventy thousand naira plus 5% VAT per product, covering processing, analysis and license
(ii) Traditional Medicines – Traditional medicine can be categorized as follows:
Small Scale Industry -Ten thousand naira plus 5% VAT.
Large Scale Industry – Forty thousand naira plus 5% VAT
Medium Scale Industry – Twenty thousand naira plus 5% VAT
(iii) Cosmetics: – Fifty thousand naira plus 5% VAT
(iv) Phytomedicines – Seventy thousand naira plus 5% VAT
(v) Nutraceuticals – Seventy thousand naira plus 5% VAT
After application approval, NAFDAC issues an applicant a NAFDAC Registration Number. Note that these tariffs are levied on applicants to enable NAFDAC properly test all the products in the lab (clinical trials) which lasts roughly 7 months (depending on the products in question).
These trials are conducted to ensure that the products are fit for consumption. To register a product in NAFDAC, be it food or drugs, you must meet the requirements, and the entire process of registration takes a maximum of 3 months and you will be issued with a certificate 6 months after registration.
Also, before choosing a name for products, do well to write to NAFDAC to find out if such name is still available for use.
From the foregoing, it is obvious that product registration is a rigorous and costly process especially for entrants; perhaps this explains why many importers and local manufacturers of food product(s) and drugs often fake NAFDAC Registration Numbers and use them to market their products.
This is a punishable offence under NAFDAC Act, and the Agency has gone further to provide a phone number to consumers to confirm whether drugs are genuine or not.
This is known as Mobile Authentication Service (MAS) to stop the circulation of counterfeit drugs in Nigeria. To achieve this, just scratch the panel on the drug pack and send the PIN on it to 38353.
In a few seconds, you will receive a text message informing you whether it is genuine or not. All confirmatory text messages to the line are toll-free.
In conclusion, despite the seemingly difficult processes involved in a bid to register a product in NAFDAC, I advise you register your product(s) so that you don’t run the risk of having your facility shut down, your products being seized and burnt by the agency, ban of products on Nigerian markets, your arrest and detention of your product distributors, disgrace and destruction of the reputation of your company.
The consequences of not registering products in NAFDAC have been outlined earlier and the points below are reasons why you should register your product in NAFDAC:
It is a constitutional requirement for all food/drugs manufacturers and importers in Nigeria
Giving customers assurance that your products are fit for consumption
Customer loyalty and brand trust
Good corporate image