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15 Functions of Nigeria Immigration Officers

An Immigration officer is a public servant, who works for the Nigeria Immigration Services. He can also work as an immigration enforcement Agent.

The Nigeria Immigration Services comprises of different departments where individual officers can work, either as an  immigration officer, or as an immigration  enforcement Agent.

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Regardless whether an officer is working as an immigration officer or he is working as an enforcement agent, he is a staff of the Nigeria Immigration services.

Who Is An Immigration Officer?

As stated earlier, an immigration officer is a public servant, who works as the federal law enforcement officer. It is important to note at this point also, that the Nigeria Immigration services is a federal agency and it works independently.

What Are The Duties Of The Nigeria Immigration Officers?

Duties of the Nigeria Immigration officers varies, depending which department of the Immigration services he is working, in most cases, this depends on the job description or job tittle.

More so, it is important to also note that, much of what the Nigeria Immigration officers do is to work towards enhancing the national security of the country.

It is their duty to ensure that, nothing whatsoever get into the country without securing approval from the relevant authorities, which of course, is the Nigeria Immigration services.

This aspect of the Immigration officers’ responsibility is very crucial, and this has brought about a sense of security to the nation Nigeria. Nevertheless, the role played by the  Nigeria Immigration officers cannot be underestimated in this regard.

The Nigeria Immigration officers have over the years worked assiduously to discourage illegal immigrants gaining entrance into the country.

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More often, Individuals have been found drifting into the country without securing approved documents from the relevant authorities.

In some situation, it is expected that whoever want to visit the country for any purpose should obtain permission from those in charge of allowing non citizens into the country.

They must secure relevant documents from the relevant authorities, such as the Immigration, this is what is obtain in other countries of the world, and Nigeria is not exempted from this practices, but you will find out that if individual is not illegally sneaked into the country, he will however, falsify documents to allow him gain access to the country, and this is often done through falsification of information when someone is applying for visa, citizenship, and asylum.

Against this backdrop, the Nigeria Immigration services officer is saddled with the responsibility of carrying out investigation on issues of sort, and as well, conduct interview, while making sure that every illegal immigrants who falsify documents on application for whatsoever purposes, be it for visa, asylum and/or citizenship are dealt with by arresting and as well deport them to their individual countries if they are found in Nigeria.

To achieve this, and by way of making the job of Immigration officers simple, the Nigeria Immigration services officers do collaborate and coordinate his duties with those of the other law enforcement agencies.

The Nigeria Immigration officers do assist those applying for visa, and asylum, and citizenship, as well as providing them with relevant information.

While spending time to assist these applicants, the Nigeria Immigration officers have always review documents such as, the applications and sometimes petitions. It is the responsibility of the Nigeria Immigration officers to advice or council the applicants, most importantly, the Immigration officers would carefully scrutinized applicant’s to ascertain whether the information give is false.

This is important. Besides the applicants often briefed on the possible benefits they stand to get from the Nigeria Immigration services.

Moreso, other duties of the Nigeria Immigration officers as the agent of the federal government include but not limited to the following; researching for relevant information to aid them carry out their assignment, analyzing every petition, application and even the supporting documentation brought before their duty posts.

Apart from conducting interview with their clients such as applicants and also with petitioners with a view to assess their credibility, the Nigeria Immigration officers can either grant  application or deny it.

They can as well, denying application. The same is applicable when it comes to whether or not the Nigeria Immigration officers would grant petitions or deny it and/or grant applications or deny them.

Functions Of The Nigeria Immigration Services

The Nigeria Immigration services officers functioned in a number of ways. In this article, i am going to list a few of them and explain them as well.

1. Monitoring Individuals Who Leave Or Arrive Nigeria

One of the major functions of the Nigeria Immigration officers is to undertake proper checking  as people arrived and leave the country.

This is very important in order to discourage illegal immigrants from entering the country. That is why it is the incumbent on the part of the Nigeria Immigration officers to monitor every movement of every individual who leave or arrive the country.

A great many at times, this is done at the Nigeria’s border, or the points at which, people can gain access into the country.

2. Organizes Surveillance

Parts of the duties of Immigration officer is to ensure that no illegal immigrants stays in the country without relevant documents that approved their stay in Nigeria.

The Immigration officers would achieve this by checking or either visiting these suspected individuals, interrogate and interview them in order to ascertain as to whether they have any right of staying in the country.

Where there is no such rights, these persons will be arrested, subsequently deported.

3. Pursue Illegal Aliens

The Nigeria Immigration officers undertake investigation reports of illegal aliens within the country and once these illegal immigrants are traced, the Nigeria Immigration officers would have no option than to arrest and possibility detain them and afterwards deport them to their individual countries.

4. Undertake Intelligence-Based Jobs

It is the duties of the Nigeria Immigration officers to check properly everyone coming into the country. There is this card called, ‘landing card’, and this card is always in the custody of non citizens passengers.

So what the Nigeria Immigration officers do, is to check this card for the purpose of knowing why they want to come to Nigeria. The Nigeria Immigration officers must also verify the duration of their stay in Nigeria.

Once they meet the criteria of visiting Nigeria, the Nigeria Immigration officers will then have to sign their documents including their passport, after these processes, they are allowed entry into the country.


I have in this article highlighted some of the functions of the Nigeria Immigration officers, and we have seen that this federal enforcement agents have by their obligations and statutory functions ensure that Nigeria’s national security is sustained

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Joseph Athanasius

Joseph Athanasius is a Content Developer at InfoGuideNIgeria.com. InfoGuide Nigeria is a team of Resource Persons and Consultants led by Ifiokobong Ibanga. Page maintained by Ifiokobong Ibanga. If you need a personal assistance on this topic, kindly contact us.

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