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10 Factors Affecting Reproductive Health In Nigeria

Factors Affecting Reproductive Health In Nigeria – Reproductive health refers to the physical, social, and mental well-being of an individual as it relates to his or her reproductive system and its functions. Other aspects of this include the ability to conceive and bear children, as well as the prevention and management of illnesses and disorders relating to sexual health. Reproductive health also entails a range of other issues, including family planning, the use of contraception, maternal health, and the prevention and sexually transmitted diseases.

Access to a comprehensive and robust reproductive health services package is essential for individuals to make well-informed decisions about their reproductive health and their overall physical and mental wellness. and for maintaining overall health and well-being.Factors Affecting Reproductive Health In Nigeria

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What is Reproductive Health?

Reproductive health entails the condition of male and female reproductive systems during all stages of life… These reproductive systems consist of organs and hormone-producing glands. While the female has ovaries, the males possess testicles or gonads that help maintain the health of their respective systems.

In Nigeria,  most persons are affected by reproductive disorders, and there are several factors responsible for this.

Female Reproductive Disorders

Some reproductive disorder experienced by females in Nigeria includes the following;

  • Delayed or very early puberty.Factors Affecting Reproductive Health In Nigeria
  • Endometriosis; This is a medical condition where the tissue that lines the inside of the womb(known as the endometrium) grows outside of it.
  • Insufficient supply of breastmilk.
  • Reduced fertility (inability or difficulty getting pregnant)
  • Issues with menstrual cycles and challenges include heavy or irregular bleeding.
  • Situations where ovaries produce more male hormones than normal.
  • Multiple complications during pregnancy.JAMB Portal

Male Reproductive Disorders

  • Erectile malfunction or impotence
  • Low sperm count, watery sperm.

Read Also: 10 Factors Affecting Utilization of Health Services In Nigeria

Components of reproductive health

The components of reproductive health include:

  • Family Planning: Family planning refers to the ability to make well-informed decisions about the number of children to have and how the children are to be spaced. This is achieved through the use of contraceptives and other methods.
  • Maternal Health: This refers to the health of females during pregnancy and childbirth. It includes the management of medical complications and the care of newborn babies.
  • Reproductive rights: This refers to the rights of individuals to make well-informed decisions about their reproductive health, including the right to access accurate information and services as it relates to their health.
  • Gender and cultural specificity: Reproductive health services should be aligned to the specific needs of various genders and cultural groups.
  • Reproductive health education and awareness: Reproductive health awareness should be made available to individuals of all ages. This is to help them make well-informed decisions about their reproductive health.

How Environmental factors affect reproductive health

Some Scientists believe environmental factors play an important role in certain reproductive disorders.

For instance, exposure to lead and mercury is linked to reduced fertility in both men and women, and issues of the nervous system like memory and fine motor skills Also, exposure to certain chemicals that interfere with the body’s hormones, may contribute to challenges with fertility, puberty, and pregnancy.Romantic Love Messages

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How to Improve Your Reproductive Health

Reproductive health can be improved in some of the following ways:

  • Having regular intercourse, especially 5-7 days before and after ovulation.
  • Avoid smoking Information Guide Nigeria
  • Cut back on your alcohol intake
  • If you’re a lady, try as much as possible to reduce your caffeine intake.
  • Endeavor to maintain a healthy weight. Women who have much weight or are too thin may have reduced fertility.
  • For men, exposure to heat can lower sperm count, so loose underwear should be worn, hot tubs should be avoided and laptops should not be placed near your scrotum.
  • Getting plenty of sleep.
  • Trying to avoid working so late throughout the night. This can disrupt the production of the hormone.

Stages of Reproductive Health

There are several stages of reproductive health. These stages include

  1. Adolescence stage: This is the stage when individuals start experiencing changes in their reproductive systems and are becoming sexually active. It is vital to provide proper information about reproductive health during this stage.
  2. Fertility and childbearing years: At this stage, individuals are capable of getting pregnant and giving birth. family planning services and access to maternal health care are to be made available to ensure healthy pregnancies and childbirths.Good Morning Love Message
  3. Menopause and postmenopause: This is the stage where the reproductive system starts to undergo certain changes. The ability to become pregnant ends at this stage. Hence, providing access to health care services to address any related health issues is vital.
  4. Aging stage: As individuals grow older, the risk of reproductive health issues, such as cancer, increases. It is important to provide access to cancer screenings and other healthcare services to prevent, detect and manage these challenges. Manchester United transfer news LIVE Harry Kane updates and Bruno Fernandes injury latest

Read Also: 10 Factors Affecting Women’s Participation in Politics in Nigeria

Factors Affecting Reproductive Health in Nigeria.

  1. Extreme Poverty and Lack of access to Medical resources: No doubt, many people in Nigeria live in poverty.  This makes it difficult for them to access resources related to reproductive health.
  2. Lack of education and access to information: Several individuals in Nigeria lack access to education and vital information about reproductive health. This leads to misconceptions and poor decision-making.
  3. Restricted access to healthcare facilities: There is a dearth of healthcare facilities and trained professionals in Nigeria. This case is exacerbated by the rate at which our trained professionals leave the country for greener pastures, which makes it difficult for people to access the services they need.
  4. Socioeconomic status: The socioeconomic status of individuals also determines the level of access to Medical resources and information about reproductive health. People from lower socioeconomic backgrounds have less access to resources and information about reproductive health.NYSC Portal
  5. Cultural and religious beliefs: Certain cultural and religious beliefs can impact an individual’s access to birth control practices and family planning resources. For instance, some religions in Nigeria abhor the use of contraceptives as they believe children are a gift from God and should not be avoided or prevented from coming.
  6. Gender inequality and discrimination: In some parts of Nigeria, women face certain discrimination and have limited access to education, resources, and information related to reproductive health than men.
  7. Lack of comprehensive sexual education: Many individuals in Nigeria do not receive adequate sexual education. This can lead to poor decision-making, unwanted pregnancies, and high rates of sexually transmitted infections.
  8. Child and Forced marriage: Many girls in Nigeria are forced into marriage at a young age,  and this can have negative effects on their reproductive health. Sometimes, poverty also causes families to force their young daughters into marriage, and if the girl is not properly developed sexually, it leads to infections and birth complications.
  9. Poor and Inadequate maternal health: Many women in Nigeria lack access to proper maternal healthcare. This is rampant in rural areas and ultimately leads to high rates of maternal mortality.
  10. Poor infrastructure and lack of facilities in rural areas: Most rural dwellers are at risk of losing pregnancies due to poor infrastructure and inadequate medical facilities and education.‘Obidients’ Lost, But I Have Good News For Them – Minister

Read Also: 10 Factors Affecting Human Rights in Nigeria


Reproductive health in Nigeria is faced with several challenges as outlined and emphasized above, however, several efforts are still ongoing to remedy the situation and improve the condition of reproductive health and health care generally in the country.


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Native Udo

Native Udo is a Content Developer at InfoGuideNIgeria.com. InfoGuide Nigeria is a team of Resource Persons and Consultants led by Ifiokobong Ibanga. Page maintained by Ifiokobong Ibanga. If you need a personal assistance on this topic, kindly contact us.

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