Have you ever wondered how business and companies transport goods from one country to another? Or are you interested in knowing the ways to import goods from other countries to Nigeria?
This article is an answer to these questions because we’ll be discussing the basic steps to start shipping products from USA to Nigeria.
The whole process of transporting goods from one location usually from one country to another — by ship or air — is termed “freight forwarding.”
It has different components defining it altogether. This article is focused on helping you to know what you need in shipping business.
There are some terms and definitions related to the shipping business. They are listed as follows: Shipper, Carrier, Freight Broker, Freight Forwarder and Agents. From these terms, you can choose what you want to specialize in. Let’s look at the brief definitions of these terms.
a. Shipper: A shipper’s main job is to get goods from one country and deliver them to the other.
b. Carrier: A carrier provides transportation for the goods assembled by the shipper.
c. Freights Broker: He serves as the middleman between the shipper and the carrier.
d. Freight Forwarder: His main responsibility is to bring goods and services from different locations to a particular destination.
e. Agents: They operate as contractors, enabling each client in the above fields to achieve his objective.
Since your main focus is shipping from USA to Nigeria, you fall as a shipper according to the definitions above.
The business of shipping requires a reasonable number of qualities. It requires good relationship with the people who are involved in the forwarding and receiving of goods.
As a starter, the challenge lies on getting people who are reliable and trustworthy enough to move your products from the United States to Nigeria.
But, we have several shipping companies in Nigeria that are reliable and efficient. So, that makes the challenge less of a problem.
Though shipping business is lucrative, it takes diligence and honesty; you have to be honest to yourself, your clients and everyone involved in the whole process of shipping; being honest makes you trustworthy by your agents and customers.
Another quality that increases your prospects of success in the business lies in the ability to know it very well; the best way to get around is to be aware of the basic knowledge through internship; whatever goods you deal with should be based on the information you acquired through practice. So, get around with these active in the field and learn your way about shipping.
Apart, from personal traits and qualities, there are some necessary things to carry out before starting the import and export business.
First and foremost; the acquisition of operating license and certificates is very paramount; every country’s custom service has their distinct criteria for the issuance of license.
You have to find out what it takes and fulfil it. The significance of getting license is that it makes your shipping business activities legal and unquestionable.
Secondly, you have to decide the mode of transportation you’ll be using to transport the commodities. It may be land, sea or by air, depending on the level of your finance or capital.
Moreover, to ship products from USA to Nigeria, you can only use air or sea transportation based on the type of products you’re dealing with.
Thirdly, the selection of a reliable and effective shipping agency is necessary. We have several shipping agencies in Nigeria that you can make use of. We’ll be discussing the best shipping companies and the ways they operate in the next subheading.
Shipping Agencies In Nigeria
Like I said earlier, a lot of shipping companies operate in Nigeria. The choice is yours to make from the following list of companies:
1. ShipToNaija (Air Cargo Shipping Company)
It is a shipping company based on air transportation only. Their main route is from Houston, USA to Nigeria. They are the most reliable company for air cargoes.
They transport goods from Houston and other parts of USA can be done within 4-6 business days. They give you a 100% guarantee money back. Their customer service is very efficient and they notify you of any information by SMS Alert.
They offer a wide range of payment methods. They accept Mastercard, Visacard, Paypal and Vervecard.
To get started, sign up for free on their website via (www.shiptonaija.com)
2. FedEx Shipping Company.
To get started, sign up on their website (www.fedex.com).
3. DHL Express Shipping Company.
4. UPS Company.
5. ShopToMyDoor (Air and Sea Cargo Shipping).
ShopTomyDoor is a company that assists individuals and corporate bodies to conveniently shop for any item from USA, UK and China by assigning them an address in these countries.
With the given address, you can shop directly on over 80,000 online stores using your VisaCard, MasterCard, or Paypal account to make payments.
Shoptomydoor have customers all over the world but have strong customer base in Africa, and Nigeria in particular.
How to Get Started
Sign up on their website via www.shoptomydoor.com. It takes you about 30 seconds to one minute to sign up and start shipping with shoptomydoor. After signing up, you will be issued your shipping address in USA, UK, and China instantly.
Once signed up, please be sure to update the following settings as they can affect your shipping cost: Your Shipment Settings and Your Billing Address.
Note, the time it takes for your items or goods to arrive depends on whether you are shipping via air or sea, and from the warehouse you’re shipping from.
Practical Steps To Ship A Product From Usa To Nigeria.
Let’s look at a practical illustration on how to buy a car from USA and ship to Nigeria without leaving your bedroom. Almost all car dealers in Nigeria follow these steps to buy and import the cars they sell.
1. Register With a Car Auction Website.
Online car auction is the safest and most reliable way to buy a car across the Atlantic Ocean especially when you do not have a well trusted ally over there.
Some of these companies offer free registration while others charge about $200 for initial registration as well as annual subscription.
A few of these online car auction sites are www.copart.com, www.auctionexport.com, www.iaai.com, etc. You’ll need to submit a means of identification in order to increase your bidding eligibility.
2. Search and select the car you want to buy.
You have to be very careful during this stage. There are some technical terms that define the type of car you get finally. Some cars have faults while some have faults. It’s your responsibility to ensure you don’t end up with a faulty car.
3. Buy your car.
After making your choice of car, the next step is to click on “buy car” to purchase the vehicle.
4. Pay for your car.
Pay for your product. Most of these sites accept Bank transfer, Debit Cards and other means of payments.
5. Ship your car from USA.
6. Clear your car with Nigerian Customs Service.
This is the last stage of your transaction. This stage requires you to clear your car at the seaport or airport, depending on the mode of shipping you use. You’ll have to present some sets of documents to claim the ownership of the car.
Import Prohibitions And Restrictions
Certain items are prohibited by Nigerian Customs for import to Nigeria. These items are in addition to items forbidden by IATA.
You are responsible for making sure that the goods you’re shipping are acceptable into Nigeria. Your shipments may have to undergo inspection by the Nigeria Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA).
Forbidden for Import to Nigeria are:
2. Dangerous goods as defined by IATA
3. Perishable foods
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