WAEC Syllabus for EDO

WAEC Syllabus for EDO. WAEC Syllabus for EDO is available for all candidates who want to participate in the examination. The West African examination council (WAEC) has officially introduced a syllabus that will guide all the WAEC candidates who wish to write the WAEC examination this year. For a very successful WAEC EDO examination for this year, you need to check out the available areas of concentration. It has been divided into sections with chapters, followed by the topics to be covered in preparation for the exams. In the WAEC Syllabus for EDO, you will also see the format of how the WAEC EDO questions will be presented. Jamb form 

There are 2 sections to answer questions from. Where paper one (1) carries 1 hour for 60 marks, paper two (2) carries 100 marks for 2hours.

This WAEC syllabus is for both the O’level WAEC and General Certificate Examination (GCE) candidates. Final year students in the senior secondary school level and external candidates are eligible to make use of this syllabus and prepare ahead of the examination.

 WAEC Syllabus for EDO

See the full detailed information concerning the WAEC EDO Syllabus below.


This examination syllabus is drawn entirely from the senior secondary school curriculum for Edo which was developed by NERDC in 2006.


It is designed to:

  • enable candidates speak, read and write competently in Edo to communicate effectively with other speakers of the language;
  • familiarize candidates with the sound system, grammatical structures and other features of Edo Language;
  • acquaint candidates with the necessary tools needed for a thorough appreciation of Edo Speech Usage, Literature and Culture (customs and institutions).


The examination will consist of two papers, Papers 1 and 2.  It will test all aspects of Edo Language: comprehension, composition, sound system, grammar and translation. It will also test selected texts of oral and written literature as well as Basic Principles of Literary Appreciation, Customs and Institutions. The rubrics shall be written in Edo.

PAPER 1: This will be 60 multiple-choice items covering Language, Literature and Culture aspects of the syllabus. Candidates will be required to answer all the questions in 1 hour for 60 marks.

The questions will be distributed as follows:

Section A: Language

Comprehension (2 short passages)                  –           10 items

Composition                                                    –             4 items

Sound System                                                 –             6 items

Grammar                                                         –             6 items

Translation                                                      –             4 items

  • 30 items


Section B: Literature

Basic Principles of Literary Appreciation       –           4 items

Oral Literature                        –           Prose   –  3

–           Poetry  –  3       –           9 items

–           Drama –  3


Written Literature       –           Prose   –  3

–           Poetry  –  3       –           9 items

–           Drama –  3


22 items


Section C: Culture


Customs                                                          –           4 items

Institutions                                                      –           4 items

8 items


Total    =          (30 + 22 + 8)   =          60 items




The content for Paper 1 shall be the same as for Paper 2.

In Section B, all questions other than those on Basic Principles of Literary Appreciation will be on the set books for Paper


PAPER 2:      Essay-Type:     Language, Literature & Culture          Time:   2 hours

Candidates will be required to answer six questions in all: three questions from Section A; two questions from Section B; and one question from Section C. They will also be required to answer all the questions in Edo using the official Edo orthography and metalanguage. The paper shall carry 100 marks.



Section A:       Language



Candidates are advised to write 300 words and spend not more than 45 minutes on this section. The topic chosen will include any of the following essay type:

  • Narrative
  • Descriptive
  • Argumentative
  • Expository
  • Dialogue
  • Debate
  • Letter writing


Sound System

Candidates will be required to answer one question from the two that will be set.


  • Vowels, Consonants and Syllabic nasal
  • their production in terms of place and manner
  • their basic phonetic and phonemic classification
  • Syllable structure
  • Sound processes, e.g. vowel harmony



  • Sound system aspect of the orthography
  • Tones and tone notation


Candidates will be required to answer 1 question from the 2 questions set.



  • Word structure and word formation
  • Numerals: basic and derived
  • Word classes: nouns, verbs, adverbs, pronouns, adjectives, etc.
  • Grammatical categories: subject, object, complement, predicate, number, person, tense, aspect, mood, etc.
  • Phrases and clauses
  • The structure and type of sentences.

Section B:       Literature

This Section consists of Oral Literature and Written Literature.

Oral Literature – Prose, Poetry, Drama

In Oral Literature, there will be three set books covering the different genres. One question will be set from each set book, making three questions in all. Candidates will be required to answer any one of the questions.

Written Literature – Prose, Poetry, Drama

In Written Literature, there will be 3 set books covering the different genres. One question will be set on each set book making a total of three questions.  Candidates will be required to answer any one of the questions.

Section C:       Culture

This Section will consist of topics on customs and institutions. 2 questions will be set and candidates will be required to answer 1.

Topics to be examined will include:


  • make-up and adornments
  • in-door and out-door games
  • pregnancy and its care
  • names/naming ceremonies
  • home training: greetings, respect for superiors, cleanliness, tolerance, integrity, hard work, etc.
  • Edo foods
  • non-verbal communication
  • funerals: traditional and modern methods
  • inheritance: traditional and modern methods.



  • traditional occupations
  • marriage
  • politics: family structure, age grades, chieftaincy, Obaship, etc.
  • child care
  • ancestors
  • Edo beliefs about Osalobua/Osanobua (God), deities/divinities, other invisible forces, etc.
  • modern religions: Islam, Christianity, etc.
  • Economy: adverts, money lending, cooperative efforts, etc.


Paper 1                                                –             60 marks (30%)

Paper 2                                                –           100 marks (70%)

160 marks (100%)

Maximum Marks Obtainable – 160 marks (to be scaled down to 100%)

NB:     To enhance the teaching of this language, it is recommended that schools provide audio-visual materials such as television sets, radios, tape-recorders and tapes, cameras, charts and artefacts.


AUTHOR                                           TITLE                                                            PUBLISHER                       


Osaren Omoregie                            Iden Nokpokhuo                                                                                                                              (A novel on Queen Iden)


Obazee Gabriel et al.                       Asikoko Ekharha Oghe Edo          National Council of

Arts & Culture, Abuja

Selected poems:

  1. Osanobua –           Emmanuel Orobosa Oronsaye                  7
  2. Ose Dan –           Abel Igbinosa                                               15
  3. Eghian –           Violet O. Omoregie                                      18
  4. Itohan –           Osemwegie Osayomorre                            32
  5. Igho –           I. Ojo                                                          p. 41
  6. Edo ne evbo mwen – Eunice O. Orhuozee                                   49
  7. Uwu –           Lawrence Osas Osakaue                           30
  8. Gia doloyi –           Apostle P. O. Osakaue                                70
  9. Edo ne evbo Ahirre – Gabriel O. Obazee                                       75
  10. Alaghodaro –           Uyilawa Usuanlele                                      68
  11. Ewaen –           Felix I. Omoregie                                          26
  12. Ukhu –           Emmanuel Orobosa Oronsaye                  14


Ikponmwosa Osemwegie               Eseikho                                             Language Press


AUTHOR                                           TITLE                                                            PUBLISHER                       


Imasuen, E. O. (DR)                        Edo course Bk 4 – 6                        Aisien Publishers

Omozuwa, Victor Edosa                 Edo phonetics and phonology      Ambik Press




Osemwegie, Osayomwanbo E.     Izelogha                                             Osunero Publishers


Ikponmwosa, Osemwegie              Oro (pages 1 – 49)                           Pristine Publications


Osemwegie, Osayomwanbo E.     Me Okpao Ghare                              Osunero Publishers



Emovon & Osemwegie                   Okha Edo (pp 1 – 5; 23 – 45;         Nelson Publishers                                                               & 81 – 85)


Obazee Gabriel et al.                       Asikoko Ekharha Oghe Edo          National Council of

(pp 1 – 37)                                         Arts & Culture, Abuja


Ikponmwosa Osemwegie               Eseikho                                             Language Press


Imasuen, E. O. (DR)                        Edo course Bk 4 – 6                        Aisien Publishers

Erhahon Ivie                                     Edo Proverbs and Figure of           UNIBEN Press                                                                     Speech


Eghareuba, J. U.                              A short History of Bini                     University Press

Emwinma, Ogie                                Imaguero                                           c/o Aisien Publishers

Ahiatuoghiomwan, Enabulele      Ebe Iruemwi Edo Nogieha             Emnasco Production                                                          (pp 30 – 40)

Agheyisi, (Prof)                                An Edo/English Dictionary                        Ethiope Publishers

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