Environment

8 Functions of National Emergency Management Agency in Nigeria

Here in this post, we are going to bring to you 8 functions of national emergency management agency in Nigeria.

The Agency, National Emergency Management NEMA was founded according to the Federal Republic of Nigeria’s constitution Act 12, which was amended by Act 50 of 1999.

The National Emergency Management Agency was established for the purpose of managing disasters in the country.

Since inception, however, the National Emergency Management Agency has worked assiduously to tackle disaster-related matters by restructuring the Agency into a formidable organization. In this article, we will be discussing the functions of the National Emergency Management Agency.

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8 Functions of National Emergency Management Agency in Nigeria
National Emergency Management Agency in Nigeria – Photo Source: https://www.independent.ng

What Then Are The Functions Of The National Emergency Management Agency?

The National Emergency Management Agency, when founded was assigned with a number of functions. The Agency was to carry out these functions for the purpose of fulfilling the purpose for which, it was established.

However, taking into consideration of the functions of the National Emergency Management Agency, NEMA over the years has been working very hard in discharging its responsibilities.

The National Emergency Management Agency actually done this through different strategic and pragmatic actions. Nevertheless, in this article therefore, I will be discussing quite a number of these functions of the National Emergency Management Agency. Below are its functions.

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1. Formulates Policy Related To Disaster Management In Nigeria

The National Emergency Management Agency’s one of the functions is to make sure that, it engage in the formulation of policies, that relate to every activity involving disaster management in Nigeria.

This is very important and necessary, since such policies will determine the extent to which, the National Emergency Management Agency will succeed in its mandate of managing disaster in the country.

Apart from managing disaster in the country, the National Emergency Management Agency also coordinates every plan and programme with a view to aid in effective and efficient response to disaster in Nigeria.

2. Monitors State Of Preparedness Against Disaster In Nigeria

The state of preparedness can determine the extent to which an organization can succeed in meeting its goals. Such state of preparedness is not exempted in the National Emergency Management Agency.

Therefore, it remained one of the functions of the National Emergency Management Agency to ensure that, it monitor the level or the state of its preparedness for the assurance of delivering on its function of managing disaster in the country. So it is the function of the Agency to monitor such level of preparedness against every disaster.

3. Provision Of Relieve Materials to Disaster’s Victims In Nigeria

In the event of disaster occurrences, there is bound to be destruction of lives and properties. Disasters, in most cases, usually returned its victims to zero level, hence bring to them untold hardship.

However, to ameliorate the suffering of disaster’s victims, the National Emergency Management Agency has to make provision of relieve materials to the victims of disaster.

Therefore, provision of such relieve materials remained one of the primary functions of the National Emergency Management Agency.

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4. Guides And Educates Against Sudden Disaster In Nigeria

Educating Nigerians against sudden or unforeseen disaster is very important and necessary. It is a welcome development, given the fact that, people have to be aware of what to do, and what to have within them and who and where to contact, should there be such sudden disaster within their community.

Guiding the people and educating them on what to do in the event of unforeseen disaster incident has been another function of the National Emergency Management Agency, and this is what they have been doing over the years.

5. Trains And Undertakes Human Capacity Development

Training of organization’s staff has remained a priority to most organizations in Nigeria and the world over. This is necessary, and the reason is obvious.

Organization embarked on staff training to keep its staff upgrade on the current way of doing things. However, the National Emergency Management Agency is not behind, when it comes to human capacity development and staff training.

National Emergency Management Agency ensures that there is regular training for every staff across every department, and every unit and every zonal office in different accredited training institutions.

In subsequent, simulation exercises are also functions of the National Emergency Management Agency, which bring together all the stakeholders for the purpose of identifying their different roles in the area of coordinating responses to disasters.

6. Undertakes Flood Vulnerability Mapping

Food vulnerability mapping is another function of the National Emergency Management Agency. What the National Emergency Management Agency does is to collaborate with offices, such as, the Surveyor General of the Federation and that of the National Space Research and Development Agency to conduct flood vulnerability mapping.

Flood vulnerability mapping is done to identify those communities that are at risk of flooding. In most cases, this flood vulnerability mapping is done based on the previous flood occurrences and extent as well as, elevation of the areas.

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7. Develops Joint Humanitarian Action Plan

The National Emergency Management Agency also saddled with the responsibility of developing joint Humanitarian Action Plan for the Nigeria government.

The National Emergency Management Agency considered the approach as veritable tool to be used by the Humanitarian community, and even the government to plan and implement, as well as, monitor Humanitarian programmes in the country. The process is always ongoing, and it served as support programme for disaster risk management.

8. Takes Delivery Of Critical Rescue Equipment For Emergencies

There must always be availability of rescue equipment, should there be any emergency. So what the National Emergency Management Agency does is that, it will make sure that, it takes delivery of most of these critical rescue equipment, should there be any emergencies.

These rescue equipment include, say, heavy duty excavator for the purpose of deploying the equipment during emergencies, like maybe a building is collapsing.

Another of such equipment would be Mobile Intensive Care Units. This are ambulances, and they are   stationed strategically with para-medics.

It is mainly for prompt responses, should there be any sudden occurrences. Others include, multi-purpose emergency vehicles, as well as other equipment.

All for the purpose of strengthening the 24 hours standby team at any level of the National Emergency Management Agency.

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Conclusion

The National Emergency Management Agency was established for the purpose of managing disasters in the country.

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Joseph Athanasius

Joseph Athanasius is a Content Developer at InfoGuideNIgeria.com. InfoGuide Nigeria is a team of Resource Persons and Consultants led by Ifiokobong Ibanga. Page maintained by Ifiokobong Ibanga. If you need a personal assistance on this topic, kindly contact us.

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