In this post, we will explain the steps required to be a stockbroker in Nigeria. The following parts will be explained to make understand how to become a stockbroker in Nigeria.
- Meaning of stock market.
- How the stock market works.
- Meaning of a stockbroker.
- Different types of stockbroker.
- Functions of a stockbroker
- How to become a stockbroker in Nigeria.
- Qualities of a stockbroker.
Meaning of Stock Market
A stock market is a market where activities connected with the buying and selling of stocks, shares and other securities in companies take place.
Simply, it is an organized and regulated financial market where bonds stocks, shares are bought and sold by the forces of demand and supply. A stock market is also called an equity market. Stocks, bonds, shares are also called securities or equities.
A stock market comprises of buyers, sellers and stockbrokers. Buyers buy securities from sellers while sellers sell their securities to buyers in the stock market. Stockbrokers act as intermediaries for buyers and sellers in the stock market.
A stockbroker could be hired individually by a company to be their representative in the stock market, or could work in a stockbroking firm as a full-time stockbroker.
How the Stock Market Works
The stock market has two main sections namely the primary market and the secondary market. The two will be explained below.
1.The Primary Market
In the primary market, New issues are sold through initial public offerings known as IPOs. Investment banks issue shares, stocks , equities and these are purchased by institutional investors.
2.The Secondary Market
This is where subsequent trading continues. Institutional investors and individual investors trade in the secondary market.
Meaning of a Stockbroker
A stockbroker is a professional whose job is to buy and sell stocks, shares and other securities in companies for people. A stockbroker is a regulated professional who buys hares, stocks and other securities in the stock exchange market for people, companies and organizations.
In most cases, a stockbroker is an investment advisor who advises buyers and sellers on how to invest profitably in the stock exchange market.
A stockbroker is also a financial/investment expert that is knowledgeable, experienced and informed about the complexities of the financial stock market.
A stockbroker is knowledgeable in the fields of banking and finance, accounting, economics, insurance. Apart from buying and selling of stocks, shares on behalf of individuals and corporate organizations, a broker also acts as a security dealer.
Different Types of Stockbroker
There are three types of stockbroker. They are full- time stockbroker, hired stockbroker and bank stockbroker.
1. Full-time Stockbroker
As the name implies, a full-time stockbroker works in a stock broking firm as a full-time time staff in a stock broking company and is paid salary at the end of the month. A full-time time stockbroker also receives commissions and percentages based on the number of successful sales made in a month.
2. Hired Stockbroker
As the name implies, a hired stockbroker is an individual stockbroker hired by individuals organisations and firms based on his/her excellent reputation in the stock market and having the professional expertise to manage investments and trade in equities on behalf of them.
He/She acts as an intermediary on behalf of their clients when the opportunity for trading arises. A hired stockbroker earns commissions from the sale of equities.
3. Bank Stockbroker
A bank stockbroker trades in equities on behalf of banks.
Functions of a Stockbroker
1. Buying Stocks and Other Securities on Behalf of the Client(s)
A stockbroker buys stocks an other securities on behalf of the clients. He/She buys stocks in an office or electronically. A stockbroker buys shares and other securities by:
- Buying them in a discretionary account.
- Buying them in an advisory account.
- Buying them in an execution account.
2. Selling of Stocks and Other Securities on Behalf of the Client(s)
Like in buying, a stockbroker also sell stocks and other securities on behalf of the Client to make profit in three ways:
- Selling them in a discretionary account.
- Selling them in an advisory account.
- Selling them in an execution account.
Stockbrokers are competent researchers. They research on the profitable investments based on accounting, economic and technical analyses of the stock exchange and financial markets.
By researching, they gain valuable insights into the stocks and securities would be profitable for their clients to trade in. This enables them to give reasonable feedback to their clients and advise them accordingly on whether to buy stocks or not, retain stock or trade them.
A stockbroker is also a marketer. He/She scouts for prospective clients and keeps a list of his/ her customers. A stockbroker can also have new clients through referrals from other organisations and people.
5.Managing the Clients’ Investments
A stockbroker manages the clients’ investments. This means that the stockbroker takes care of all stock exchange transactions and auditing of clients’ portfolios.
How to Become a Stockbroker in Nigeria
The following steps explain how to become a stockbroker in Nigeria:
A stockbroker must have a minimum qualification of first degree (B.Sc.) , HND or equivalent qualification from a reputable university or polytechnic in Nigeria. The degree or diploma must be in banking and finance, economics, accounting, business administration and insurance.
2.Registration on the CIS Website
The applicant must register as student by completing an online student registration form. After complete registration, the applicant will pay the required membership fee of #10,000 only.
3.Registration for Professional Programmes
After paying the student membership fees, the applicant can apply to register for the professional examinations which take place in March and September of every year.
4.Registration for Professional Diploma Programme
This is the basic foundation for any applicant aspiring to be a professional and certified stockbroker in Nigeria. To register for the professional diploma programme, the applicant must have five O’level credit passes in English Language, Mathematics and three other relevant subjects.
5.Uploading Relevant Credentials and Other Important Documents
The applicant must upload scanned copies of the credentials and documents on the CIS Website.
6.Registration for the CIIA Programme
CIIA stands for Certified International Investment Analyst. Applicants will pay an application fee of #75,000 to register.
Qualities of a Stockbroker
A stockbroker should possess these excellent qualities: trust, ability to work hard and ability to read financial reports.
Trust is an important quality for any business to succeed or a by professional to excel. It is the foundation of any profession and business.
A stockbroker must not cheat and deceive clients. A stockbroker must be trustworthy. A stockbroker must have high degree of trust before he/she can be entrusted with the clients’ investments and funds.
2. Ability to Work Hard
Stock-broking is a profession that requires Handwork, patience and dedication. Handwork allows a stockbroker to get high paying deals and find credible investors.
A hardworking stockbroker gets excellent recommendations from individuals, organizations and clients. Hard presents limitless earning and business opportunities for a hard-working stockbroker.
3. Ability to Read Financial Reports
Frequent reading makes a stockbroker knowledgeable and informed about the latest trends in the financial market, national economy, profitable deals, and fluctuations in foreign exchange, unprofitable deals and fluctuations in the GDP.
Reading frequently enables a stockbroker to make excellent decisions on trading and finances. This will enable him/her to give excellent financial advice to the clients.
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