Effects of Incessant Strikes On Students in Nigeria

It is the goal of tertiary institutions to deliver exceptionally skilled and talented human resources to fulfill the need of the work market broadly and universally.

Currently, Nigeria’s educational system cannot boast of having achieved any of its objectives and goals due to its striking actions. There has been a lot of backwardness in our educational system following the continuous striking actions embarked on by the Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU).

Keywords: Industrial Conflict and Strike

Industrial Conflict and Strike

Industrial conflict is the inability of parties to an employment relationship to reach an agreement on any issue connected with the objective of employer-employee interactions.

The constant occurrence of strike action in Nigeria indicates the unhealthy relationship between the members of the Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU) and the Federal Government.

The following unions have been ear-marked for continues strike actions in Nigeria

– Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU)

– Nigerian Union of Teachers (NUT)

– Non-Academic Staff Union of Universities (NASUU)

– Nigerian Labour Congress (NLC)

–  Medical and Health Workers Union

– Nigerian Union of Journalists (NUJ)

– Staff of the National Union of Petroleum and Natural Gas (NUPENG).

See Also: Prospects and Problems of Educational Management in Nigeria

Cause of strike actions in Nigeria

The strike action has created tension in the country thereby causing people (especially students) to wonder what could be the causes of the prolonged strike action by the Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU).

The Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU) embarked on a 10months old strike action in March 2020 over certain issues. Such as:

– The need for the renewal of the university system

– Inability of the Federal Government to fulfill the conditions included in the 2004 agreement reached between the two sides (ASUU and FG)

– Payment of Earned Academic Allowances and salaries

– Federal Government’s failure to adhere to agreed terms

– Inadequate pay packages and poor welfare packages

– Displeasure in the harsh and unfriendly policies by government and employers

– Government’s inability to set up a visitation panel to tertiary institutions.

Several meetings have been held to end the prolonged strike action but no positive results have been achieved. The Academic Staff Union on Universities (ASUU) has opposed and rejected the new payment platform introduced by the Federal Government in recent meetings- Integrated Personnel and Payroll Information System (IPPIS).

This new scheme was started by the Federal Government (FG) in the Nigerian public service sector by means of the utilization of Information and Communications Technology (ICT). The IPPIS was acquainted with satisfactorily demonstrate the viability and productivity of finance organization in the public authority’s Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs).

The National President of ASUU, Prof. Biodon Ogunyemi, said that workers and lecturers cannot return to classrooms without being paid their long overdue and withheld salaries. This has brought more fear in the hearts of students who were already getting ready for resumption following the earlier announced date of resumption.

See Also: The Role of Education in Nigeria

Effects of the strike on students:

The incessant strike actions in Nigeria tertiary institutions has negative impacts on the students, these include:

  1. Students tend not to perform well in their examinations leading to examination malpractice.
  2. It destabilizes the school program and its operations leading to the production of unqualified university graduates who cannot defend their certificates when called upon to do so.
  3. The academic programs tend to be extended to the detriments of students. That is a five years course becoming a six years course.
  4. The longer students stay at home, their mental ability reduces. Students tend to forget all they have been thought during the learning period. This often causes some students to chase after certificates only not the knowledge needed in their field of study.
  5. Increases the rates of drop-outs, yet a lot of people are admitted into the tertiary institution yearly.
  6. Leads to loss of efficient and experienced teachers or lecturers to other lucrative jobs as a means of livelihood.

This as we see has resulted in crimes within the institution and society as a whole. Such periods of the strike also tend to lead undergraduates into becoming a nuisance to society.

Some undergraduates look to wrongdoing like prostitution, oil bunkering, armed robbery, kidnapping e.t.c., while others likewise made sure about impermanent vocations or jobs but others get included in road selling and became adolescent deadbeats. The outcome of these strike activity has prompted a condition fall in training standards.

 See Also: Effects of ASUU Strike on Nigerian education


Below are some recommendations that will help end the continuous strike actions by our tertiary institutions:

  1. The Federal Government should review existing educational law to make it more adaptable.
  2. The Federal government should fund education adequately to encourage research.
  3. Employee’s welfare and condition should be improved.
  4. Adequate infrastructural facilities for tertiary institutions to improve their working environment. Most of the infrastructures in Our tertiary institution are out-dated.
  5. Quick intervention from the Federal Government when matters of strike arise will help reduce the prolonged strike actions.
  6. Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU) should not always use striking as a backup plan, they should try negotiations to resolve issues.
  7. The Federal Government should always keep to promises. By providing Academic Staff Union of Universities whatever they have agreed on thereby building a good relationship between themselves.


Attaining stated goals and objectives for tertiary institutions becomes impossible because of the constant strike actions by the Academic Staff Union of Teachers. Not only students but lecturers, non-academic staff, and indeed the society at large have their share of the negative impact of the strike action in our tertiary institutions today. Students are often affected the most because of the extension in their academic programs, continuous strike actions lead to low output from teachers or lecturers thereby giving rise to the fall of Nigeria’s educational systems.

It has become pertinent that an enduring arrangement be framed through an exhaustive research on the impact of strikes on the scholarly norm of undergraduates and causing the government to notice the different steps to be taken to dispose of these issues for the last time.

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Regina Njure

Regina Njure is a content developer at InfoGuideNigeria.com. InfoGuide Nigeria team comprises Resource Persons and Consultants led by Ifiokobong Ibanga. Page maintained by Ifiokobong Ibanga. If you need a personal assistance on this topic, kindly contact us.

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