Educational management, in the most part, is exercised in educational institutions. It could be primary and post primary school and other tertiary institutions.
It deals with the management of education resources. It is essentially an educational organization, where human are inter related in managing resources.
Educational management plays a major role in the success of educational institutions or organizations. It entails that, for educational organization to succeed, all the resources should be at the right time in the right place for the right purpose.
It also entails about putting adequate and quality measure on ground, such that will engender smooth operation of the educational system so as to achieve the aims of education.
Educational management in other words, is school management, where every resource both human and material resource are well allocated and monitored in order to fulfill a broader objective of a school, because the level at which, any educational institution succeeds depend largely on the efficient management of these resources.
Definition of educational management
Educational management is a broader human endeavour, where many resources come to play with a view to achieve a set objective.
Type of educational management:
1. Human Capital
This is an essential resource in educational management, where everyone both the academic and non academic staff and the pupils, and the students, and in fact, everybody within the school community and the members of the community in which the education organization is found are co-ordinates.
Therefore, managing these type of resources efficiently is of utmost important in the educational management, starting from, who should be recruited, to serve what purpose, how competent is he, can he handle the job, or who and who should be sent for capacity development?
All these questions are important in the educational management in order to achieve organization goal. Moreso, any person involve in the process of selection should be guided with adequate information and facilities so as to achieve this aim successfully, as well as engender growth of educational management.
No educational organization succeeds without competent individuals, who know their jobs effectively; it is about people with the right skills, who bring about innovation in education programmes in order to maximize benefits.
2. Physical Resources
Physical resource too, is essential in educational management because someone cannot manage education without the necessary management facilities.
Educational institution needs to be equipped with these facilities, good libraries and laboratories, good buildings and furniture, recreational centers and stationery among others.
All these are important for curricular and extracurricular activities. Quite important too, the technology age has made some of the educational organization to be equipped with modern information and communication technology facilities.
The need of these physical resources are properly identified for effective utilization, effective installation, and with proper maintenance mechanism.
These resources should not just be any physical resource, but a specified resource so as to fit into its functions properly, as well as meeting the future needs too. This entails the important of educational management.
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3. Ideals Resources
Last, but not the least is the ideal resources, this is essential, and of utmost important in educational management. This resource has to do with the procedure of learning and teaching within educational organization, and this bring us to the important of curriculum of educational institution.
It is essentially, based on idea, which can bring about innovation in educational management, which can equally lead to the success in the management of education, and as well, the overall achievement of educational management.
Therefore, the educational culture and value are brought to bear in the running of educational institutions and the effective management of these resources discussed in this article cannot be underestimated, if educational management must achieve its aims and objective.
Prospects of educational management in Nigeria:
1. Effective leadership
Imparting knowledge to students however, is not an easy task; the process needs to be well managed. In a proper education setting, a set of skills and knowledge are imparted to students by the teachers, achieving the effectiveness of this process is what brought about effective educational management.
Educational management has made the important of knowledge and the assimilation of knowledge possible and almost easy. It managed all concerned to achieve its goal.
So teachers are made to focus on their assignment effectively, as those who impart knowledge, and those, who are not in the teaching category, maybe non teaching staff are made to comply in their task, like preparing teachers vouchers and paying of salaries as at when due, maintaining and keeping of school facilities in order to attain optimal functioning of education system.
2. Good and timely decision making
This is very important because whatever policy made today will have a great deal of influence on the Nigerian children in the future.
In view of this, with proper attention to any possible consequence of such policy, a good and timely decision is made and effected.
Hasty course of action and assumption is avoided in the educational management, given the very important of education to national unity and development, that is why, the goal of education, the standard to be attained, as well as what to do to attain this goal is clear and understood by all partners.
3. Teachers Encouragement
Through the effective management of education, instructors are encouraged and motivated, as they take to the teaching job with excitement and willingness to impart knowledge and skill to school children.
And teachers’ engagement during decision making particularly, in developing and implementing school curriculum has help in motivating teachers.
Problems of Educational Management in Nigeria:
1. Poor educational management structure
The problem educational management is facing currently is as a result of poor structure. Educational management structure has hampers development in Nigerian education system hence, failed to help Nigerian school system achieve its aims.
2. Ineffective leadership
Ineffective educational management has hampered students’ enrollment in schools, improper methods used by teachers to impart knowledge and skills, as well as unavailability of instructional materials to engender effective teaching and learning have been noticed as a challenge in the system
3. Poor funding
Poor funding of schools has also posed an enormous challenge to education managers, and the lack of funding has made impossible for economically disadvantaged parents to cater for their children education needs.
Conclusion and Suggestion
As the ever-increasing demand for an improved Nigerian system continued to trial relevant authority, there is need for the entire structure of the educational management to be overhauled and reconstituted in order to assist educational management achieve its mandateClick here to see the latest Jobs opportunities in Nigeria.
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