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Nigerian Population And Population Distribution In Different States

The Nigerian state remains the most populous country in Africa and accounts for about 18 percent of the Africa’s total population.

Since the 1950’s, Nigeria has continued witnessed increase in population in Nigeria. According to the 2006 population census last conducted in the country which revealed Nigeria’s total population of 140,431,790 with Kano has the largest state in Nigeria. Nigerian women were outnumbered by men where males recorded 71,345,488 males and 69,086,302 females

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Nigerian Population And Population Distribution In Different States
Nigerian Population – Photo Source: https://en.wikipedia.org

The United Nations estimates that Nigeria’s population by 2100 will be between 505 million and 1.03 billion people. “Nigeria has been one of the highest growth and fertility rates in the world and thus undergoing explosive population, United Nations revealed.”

It went further to explain that Nigeria is one of eight countries between 2005-2050 to account for half of the world’s total population.

On world rankings, Nigeria has grown to be the 7th most populated country in the world. This year, Nigeria’s population is projected to increase by 5,055,552 people and come 2018, Nigeria would have a population of 194 million since the number of birth exceeds death rate.

The population Reference Bureau also noted that by 2050, Nigeria’s estimated population will be about 397 million people.

Nigeria’s 2017 population statistics as at May 13, 2017 reveals 191,713,440 while United Nations projected a population of 191,835,936 come July, 2017

The next national population census is scheduled to hold come 2018, two years after its due date with the National population census needing about N222bn to successfully conduct the exercise

Here is the estimated population distribution in different states according to T.I.N magazine since the last national census did not hold.

1. Lagos

Population: 21 million

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Since the 2012 census which placed Lagos as the second most populated  state though this met a lot of frowning and was later disputed by the Nigerian Government and judged unreliable.

The latest reports estimate the population at 21,642,797, making Lagos the most populated in Nigeria. Lagos State has been officially recognised as the second fastest-growing city in Africa and the seventh in the world.

2. Kano

Population: 16 million

The state which ranked first in the 2006 population census with a total population of 9,383,682 has an estimate of 16 million thus, now second most populated in Nigeria. This huge figure can be traced to the large influx of the Hausa speaking people in most Northern states

3. Oyo

Population: 15million

The pacesetter state, Ọyọ, an inland state in south-western Nigeria, with its capital at Ibadan has an estimate of 15million. This is partly due to her neighbouring states; Republic of Benin, Kwara State, Osun State, and Ogun State

In 2007, the population of Oyo state was estimated at 6,617,720 by the state government. But recent estimates revealed the state now has about 14,993,752 as the total population.

4. Kaduna

Population: 12 million

Kaduna State is located in North central Nigeria, and has recently been politically classified as belonging to the ‘North – West’ zone of the current six (6) Geo – political zones of Nigeria.

The estimated population of Kaduna State is 12million and the reason is not far-fetched. The state boasts of about 59 to 63 different ethnic groups if not more  though the 2006 national census saw the state have about  6,066,562

5. Rivers

Population: 11 million

According to census data released in 2006, Rivers state has a population of 5,185,400, ranking as the sixth-most populous state in the country.

Rivers state’s capital , Port Harcourt , is among the largest city in Nigeria and remains economically significant to our foreign earnings

Rivers State is home to many indigenous ethnic groups like Ikwerre, Etche, Ogba, Ogoni , Ibani, Opobo, Kalabari, Eleme, Okrika, Engenni, Obolo, among others

The recent estimate claims the state now has 10,652,844 as the total population a little above the 2016 census result

6. Katsina

Population: 10 million

Katsina State is situated in North West zone of Nigeria. It also boasts of the Hausa speaking people like Kano state. This Hausa people (sometimes grouped with the Fulani as Hausa-Fulani) undoubtedly are the largest ethnic group.

Though the population of Katsina was at 5,792,578 in 2006, the current recent estimate claims the state now has 10,102,813 as the total population.

7. Bauchi

Population: 9million

Bauchi, is a state in northern Nigeria. Its capital is the city of Bauchi.  The recent estimates claim the state now has 9,052,784 as the total population while 2016 estimates puts the state’s population around 9 million

8. Anambra

Population: 8million

Anambra is a state in south eastern Nigeria with an indigenous ethnic group- Igbos. This state is blessed with big commercial and industrial cities; Onitsha and Nnewi respectively and that accounts for the influx of people in this state

The recent estimates claims the state now has 8,352,911 as the total population as against  a population of 4,055,048 according to the 2006 Nigerian census.

9. Jigawa

Population: 8million

The socio-cultural situation in Jigawa State could be described as homogeneous: it is mostly populated by Hausa/Fulani, who can be found in all parts of the State.

With a population of 4,348,649 according to the 2006 Nigerian census, the recent estimates claim the state now has 8,109,251 as the total population.

10. Benue

Population: 8million

Benue State is a state in the mid-belt region of Nigeria with a population of about 4,253,641 in 2006 census. Recent estimates claim the state now has 7,992,784 as the total population.

For other states not included in the above, the 2006 census result will be used


Rank                State                                        Population

11                    Borno State                             4,151,193

12                    Delta State                              4,098,391

13                    Niger State                              3,950,249

14                    Imo State                                3,934,899

15                    Akwa Ibom State                    3,920,208

16                    Ogun State                              3,728,098

17                    Sokoto State                           3,696,999

18                    Ondo State                              3,441,024

19                    Osun State                              3,423,535

20                    Kogi State                               3,278,487

21                    Zamfara State                         3,259,846

22                    Enugu State                            3,257,298

23                    Kebbi State                             3,238,628

24                    Edo State                                3,218,332

25                    Plateau State                           3,178,712

26                    Adamawa State                      3,168,101

27                    Cross River State                    2,888,966

28                    Abia State                               2,833,999

29                    Ekiti State                               2,384,212

30                    Kwara State                            2,371,089

31                    Gombe State                           2,353,879

32                    Yobe State                              2,321,591

33                    Taraba State                            2,300,736

34                    Ebonyi State                           2,173,501

35                    Nasarawa State                       1,863,275

36                    Bayelsa State                          1,703,358

–                      Federal Capital Territory         1,405,201

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Ojo Damilare Opeyemi

Ojo is a content writer at InfoGuideNigeria.com. InfoGuide Nigeria is a team of Resource Persons and Consultants led by Ifiokobong Ibanga. Page maintained by Ifiokobong Ibanga. If you need a personal assistant on this topic, kindly contact us.

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