Here in this post, we are going to discuss steps to start pineapple business and tips to succeed. We hope you find this useful.
Pineapple is one of the fruits in Nigeria that one can cultivate as a business and it is very rich in vitamins. It consists of up to 20% of the tropical fruits in Nigeria and 70% of pineapples are consumed in many countries.
The largest producers of this fruit are Brazil and Paraguay. It was in these nations that pineapples came out from and from there it got to other points of the planet.
The major producers of pineapples are Brazil, China, Nigeria, Thailand, Kenya and Costa Rica. It is in these countries that pineapples are produced and Hawaii is among the main producers.
The popularity of pineapple
The major suppliers are USA and Japan. Its popularity is due to the production and cultivation of some new species. There was doubling in trading of the volume of pineapples and consumption was in many homes. Pineapple is profitable both on a large scale and on a small scale.
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Factors to consider for the pineapple business
First obtain a good business plan and also consider stages of production in that plan. Take note of these points when starting a pineapple business.
- Weeding properly.
- Take precautions for pests, fungi, birds and diseases.
- Pineapples do well inside water and ensure proper water supply.
- Consider species that are suitable for planting and marketing. It is preferable to utilise species like the ‘ Mauritius’ and another hybrid is ‘MD-2’. This fruit is shiny and yellow and the rest of the species are ‘Smooth Cayemne’.
- Efficient uprooting and tilling
- Acidic and sandy soil
Steps To Start Pineapple Business
Pineapple is a tropical fruit and a lot of people know the look and taste. The plant is tropical and herbaceous and it is also perennial. Pineapple grows to a height that is up to 2 metres and the land should be bare land.
The foliage of the plant is firm and it has a flat stack and a squat. Pineapples tends to have much bush than grass. It can grow rapidly as it is planted.
1. Planting of pineapples
The leaves are intertwined and possess thick stalk. Pineapple foliage is narrow and pulpy and there are edges with sharp brands.
They grow towards a length of 70cm and the plant can survive dry periods that are extreme. The structure of the leave is special and it can absorb large quantities of fluid.
This crop starts blowing many flowers and they have a spike shape. The category of the blossom is that of hermaphrodite and the pineapple can be violet, yellow or red. This is according to it’s category and each of the flowers produce a berry.
These berries form a berry that grows and turns to juice. After this they merge together and turn to fruits inside store shelves.
This berry contains seeds and they are tiny.
More on planting of pineapple
Pineapple brings forth new shoots and this is after the ripening. They use vegetative propagation and there is blossoming and production of berries. This berry production happens when there is reduction of the appendages on time.
2. Harvesting of pineapple
Farmers plant and uproot the pineapples and this happens after harvesting for a second harvesting for a second time.
Farmers make use of the seeds and the top card of the plant. This goes with reducing the pineapple shoots and the pineapple top is a growing leave.
It can then turn to a crop that ripe under certain states and the fruits of wild pineapples tends to become smaller. Pineapples are useful for some animals.
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Methods of breeding pineapplesm
The following methods can be used for breeding pineapples and they are:
- Utilising side shoots and the seedling cuttings when there is laying down of roots.
- Make use of fruit top and when this top cuts planting can happen on bare soil. This makes it able to take in shoots and interchange of bare soil can be with flower pot.
Seeds appear like cells and these cells have locations beneath the fruits. You can collect the seeds from the pineapples and they should be overipe. There is growing of the plants and after some years the fruits then come out.
More on breeding pineapples
The major producers of pineapples are in America, Australia, Africa and Asia and they have many methods. Nigerians breed pineapple and make them into fruit juice in a quick manner. They utilize a method that uses time that is smaller and also have less technologies for some production.
The stalks in the root possess a height that is 20cm and it can be planted within rows that are double. Processing of the stalks can be acetylene and the gas helps the pineapple buds to protrude in a time that is appropriate. Farmers then cover the flowers of the pineapple and this is for ripening and preventing of pollination.
They utilise productive measures and the rest of the items to prevent insects and birds. Farmers make use of irrigation and this is a mechanical method of farming. Fertilising, weed management and use of insecticides are also methods.
It is possible to get 2 harvest in a year and this applies for tropical areas.
Method of planting using a hothouse
Planting can be in a smaller layer of the soil and mix perlite, humus, peat, charcoal and perlite with garden ground elements. Irrigation is next with water that is acidic and this is due to the ability of pineapple to grow in a proper manner.
The water can have temperature and this should be like greenhouse air. Process the acetylene to get a rich crop and also use a material with high quality. Pineapple is a tropical fruit and is a tropical fruit and is much in vitamins.
Tips To Succeed In The Pineapple Farming Business In Nigeria
1. Get fertile and suitable land
The farm size of the pineapple will tell you the size that you require and you may rent or buy it. The land you choose you have some quality and pineapple is very useful in sand soils. Soils with good capacity for retention nutrient supply and also humid environments are good for pineapples.
2. Prepare your farm land
When your land is secure for cultivating pineapples, remove and clear all of the trumps from the zone. This will aid cultivating pineapple, remove and clear all of the trumps from the zone. This will aid cultivation and you can plough and prepare the land for didges and beds.
The land you choose should have some efficient rainfall and this should be during the early times of the rainfall. Proper distribution during early times require proper tasting and good yield.
Remove insects by exposing and overturning can help with the manual ploughing or you may get a tractor within your area to enable ploughing your farm.
3. Get a specie that is suitable for your pineapple business
Many species of pineapples can be used for in commercial farming and they are Pure Gold, Smooth Leaf and Gold Crown.
Two ways exist for planting pineapple and this can be crown or sucker. Suckers are the outgrowths of pineapple and they grow in 9 months but the crown develops in about 12 months.
Pineapple is very rich in vitamins and the cultivation of pineapples is one of the profitable business in Nigeria. This article is a guide on how to cultivate and succeed in the pineapple business.
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