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10 Factors Affecting Contraceptive Use in Nigeria

Factors Affecting Contraceptive Use In Nigeria – Contraceptive use in Nigeria is a topic of ongoing concern and debate. Despite a growing population, the use of modern contraceptives remains low in the country, with only about 20% of Nigerian women using any form of contraception. This has led to high rates of unintended pregnancies and maternal mortality. Various cultural, religious, and economic barriers prevent many Nigerian women from accessing and using contraceptives. The Nigerian government and international organizations have been working to increase access to and education about contraceptives in the country, but progress has been slow.Factors Affecting Contraceptive Use In Nigeria

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What are Contraceptives?

Contraceptives, also known as birth control, are methods or devices used to prevent pregnancy. These can include hormonal methods (such as birth control pills, patches, and injections), barrier methods (such as condoms and diaphragms), intrauterine devices (IUDs), and sterilization (such as tubal ligation for women or vasectomy for men). Some types of contraceptives also offer protection against sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

Types of Contraceptive Use in Nigeria

  1. Barrier Methods: These include male and female condoms, diaphragms, and cervical caps. They work by physically blocking the sperm from reaching the egg. Information Guide Nigeria
  2. Hormonal Methods: These include birth control pills, injections, implants, and intrauterine devices (IUDs) that release hormones. They work by preventing ovulation and thickening cervical mucus to block sperm.
  3. Fertility Awareness-based Methods: These include the rhythm method and natural family planning. They involve tracking a person’s menstrual cycle and identifying the fertile days to avoid intercourse or use barrier methods. Barcelona asks for Tebas’ resignation after newspaper report
  4. Permanent Methods: These include sterilization procedures such as vasectomy for men and tubal ligation for women. They work by permanently preventing pregnancy.
  5. Emergency Contraception: This includes the “morning-after pill” and copper IUDs. They can be used after unprotected intercourse to prevent pregnancy.

It’s worth noting that contraceptive use in Nigeria is relatively low, with just over a quarter of women using any form of modern contraception. Factors such as lack of access, religious and cultural opposition, and misinformation can contribute to low rates of contraceptive use.

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Advantages of Contraceptive Use in Nigeria

Contraceptive use in Nigeria can have several advantages, including:

  1. Family Planning: Contraceptives allow individuals and couples to plan and space out their pregnancies, which can improve maternal and child health outcomes. Information Guide Nigeria
  2. Improved Maternal Health: Contraceptives can help prevent unintended pregnancies and reduce the risk of maternal mortality and morbidity. Breaking news: Lampard back to Chelsea?
  3. Improved Child Health: Contraceptives can help ensure that children are born at the best time for their mother’s health and that they are well-spaced, which can lead to better outcomes for the children.
  4. Improved Economic Outcomes: Contraceptives can help reduce poverty by allowing individuals and families to control their fertility and plan for the number and timing of their children.
  5. Improved Education and Empowerment: Contraceptives can help women stay in school and pursue careers by allowing them to plan their pregnancies and avoid unintended pregnancies.
  6. Reduced Population Growth: Contraceptives can help slow population growth, which can help reduce strain on resources and the environment.
  7. Reducing Maternal and Infant Mortality: Contraceptives can help prevent unwanted pregnancies and unsafe abortions, which can help reduce maternal and infant mortality rates.Romantic Love Messages

List of Contraceptives in Nigeria

Contraceptives available in Nigeria include:

  • Condoms (male and female)
  • Oral contraceptive pills
  • Injectable contraceptives (Depo-Provera)
  • Intrauterine devices (IUDs)
  • Implantable contraceptives (such as Jadelle and Implanon)
  • Barrier methods (such as cervical caps and diaphragms)
  • Emergency contraceptive pills (such as Plan B)

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It’s important to note that availability and accessibility may vary based on location and individual circumstances. It is always best to consult a healthcare professional for personalized advice. NYSC Portal

The Impact of Contraceptive Use and the Nigerian Society

Contraceptive use in Nigeria has a complex history. Before the arrival of Europeans, various traditional methods of birth control were used, such as withdrawal and lactational amenorrhea. However, the introduction of Christianity and Islam brought new attitudes toward contraception, with some religious leaders opposing its use. In the 20th century, the government of Nigeria promoted population control measures, but these efforts were often met with resistance.

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In the 1980s and 1990s, there were increasing efforts to increase access to contraceptives, but cultural and religious opposition remained a major barrier. Despite these challenges, the use of modern contraceptives has been on the rise in recent years, but there is still a significant unmet need for family planning services in the country.

Factors Affecting Contraceptive Use in Nigeria

Several factors affect contraceptive use in Nigeria, including

  1. Socio-economic Status: Lower income and education levels are associated with lower contraceptive use in Nigeria.
  2. Religion: Nigeria has a diverse population with different religious beliefs, some of which may discourage or prohibit the use of certain types of contraceptives.
  3. Cultural Beliefs and Practices: Traditional beliefs and practices related to gender roles, sexuality, and reproductive health influence contraceptive use in Nigeria.Good Morning Love Message
  4. Availability and Accessibility of Contraceptives: Limited availability and accessibility of contraceptives, particularly in rural areas makes it difficult for individuals to access and use them.
  5. Cost: The cost of contraceptives serves as a barrier for some individuals and families, particularly those with limited financial resources.
  6. Misinformation and Lack of Knowledge: Misinformation about the safety and effectiveness of contraceptives leads to low usage, as well as a lack of knowledge about how to use them properly.
  7. Stigma and Discrimination: There may be societal or cultural stigmas attached to contraceptive use, particularly for women, which discourage usage.
  8. Spousal Approval: Some women may not be able to use contraceptives without the approval of their partner, which can limit their usage.
  9. Health Care Provider Bias: Health care providers may hold biases or lack of knowledge about contraceptives, which affect their ability to provide accurate information and counseling.JAMB Portal
  10. Political and Policy Environment: The political and policy environment can also influence contraceptive use in Nigeria, as laws and policies may restrict access to certain types of contraceptives.

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Can Contraceptives Use in Nigeria be Stopped?

It is not appropriate to advocate for the stopping of the use of contraceptives in any country, including Nigeria. Access to contraceptives is a fundamental right and essential for promoting reproductive health and reducing maternal mortality. The use of contraceptives can also help to reduce poverty and promote economic development. It is important to work towards increasing access to contraceptives and comprehensive sex education in Nigeria, rather than trying to stop their use.

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Contraceptive use in Nigeria is low due to a variety of factors, including cultural and religious beliefs, lack of access to information and services, and poverty. However, increasing access to contraceptives and education about their benefits could help to reduce the high rates of maternal mortality and unplanned pregnancies in the country.


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Native Udo is a Content Developer at InfoGuideNIgeria.com. InfoGuide Nigeria is a team of Resource Persons and Consultants led by Ifiokobong Ibanga. Page maintained by Ifiokobong Ibanga. If you need a personal assistance on this topic, kindly contact us.

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