The Nigeria Security and Civil Defence corps (NSCDC) is a para-military institution that was established in May 1967 with the act of Nigeria National Assembly by the Federal Republic of Nigeria during the Civil War within Lagos when it was the Federal Capital Territory to sensitize and protect civillians and was then known as Lagos Civil Defence Committee.
The Act was later amended in 2007 to enhance the statutory duties of the corp. Nigerian Security and Civil Defence Corps is a para-military organisation of the Government of the Federal Republic of Nigeria that is empowered to combat threats and any form of attack or disaster against the nation and its citizenry.
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The corps is statutorily empowered by lay Act No. 2 of 2003 and amended by Act 6 of 4th June 2007. It is empowered to institute legal proceedings by the Attorney General of the Federation in accordance with the provisions of the law of the Federal Republic of Nigeria in order to strengthen the corps in the discharge of its statutory duties.
It was later transformed into the present day Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps in 1970. On its creation, the Corps was mandated to carry out some educational and enlightenment campaigns in and around the Federal Capital of Lagos to enlighten civilians on enemy attacks and how to save themselves from danger as most Nigerians living in and around Lagos territory then had little or no knowledge about war and its implications.
They used electronic and print media to educate civilians on how to guide themselves during air raids, bomb attacks, identify bombs and how to dive into trenches during bomb blast.
The Corps was transformed into a National security organization in 1984 and in 1988, a major re-structuring of the Corps led to the establishment of Commands throughout the country, including Abuja, and the addition of special duties by the Federal Government.
Finally on 28th June 2003, an Act to give statutory backing to the NSCDC passed by the National Assembly was signed into law by the then president and Commander in chief of the Armed Forces, Federal Republic of Nigeria Chief Olusegun Obasanjo, GCFR.
Statutory functions of the NSCDC include working hand in hand with Nigeria police to protect lives and properties, protection of pipelines from vandalism and crisis resolutions in general.
Ranks in the Nigerian Security and Civil Defence Corps
The ranks of the corps are divided into commissioned and non-commissioned officer cadres. The following are the ranks in ascending order of seniority from the Non-commissoined to the commissioned officers:
1. Corps Assistant I
This is the most junior rank in the corps. It is the rank secondary school graduates enlist into on completion of training. It id symbolized by two triangular lined.
2. Corps Assistant II
This is the second rank of the corps. It is superior to Corps Assistant I but junior to assistant inspector. It is symbolized by three triangular lines sowing seniority to the first.
3. Assistant Inspector
Assistant Inspector is the third rank of the non-commissioned cadre. It is the first rank whose insignia is not symbolised by lines as are the first two. It is a the first senior non-commissioned rank.
Inspector is the fourth rank of the corps and it is a senior non-commissioned rank. It is superior to the Assistant Inspector and the symbol has three stripes on the panel instead of two for the previous rank.
5. Senior Inspector
Senior Inspector is another senior NCO rank. It has a unique symbol having the shield of the Nigerian Coat of Arms.
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6. Principal Inspector
This is another senior rank in the NCO cadre. It is superior to senior inspector but inferior to Assistant Chief Inspector.
7. Assistant Chief Inspector
This is also a senior NCO rank. It is the third highest in the NCO rank and next to Deputy Chief Inspector.
8. Deputy Chief Inspector
Deputy Chief Inspector is the second highest NCO rank. It is a senior rank next to Chief Inspector which is the highest NCO.
9. Chief inspector
This is the most senior NCO rank in the corps and next to the lowest commissioned rank. This is the highest rank attainable by an NCO unless they acquire higher education or the corps deems it fit to promote him to the commissioned cadre.
10. Assistant superintendent II
This is the first and lowest rank in the commissioned cadre. This is the rank officer cadets are placed after they complete training. The rank is symbolized by a star.
11. Assistant superintendent I
This is the second rank in the commissioned officer cadre superior to Assistant superintendent II. It is symbolized by two stars.
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12. Deputy Superintendent
This is the third commissioned rank represented by three stars. It is a mid-rank next to the rank of Superintendent.
Superintendent is a senior rank that is superior to Deputy Superintendent. The rank is symbolized by the Nigerian Coat of Arms and the acronym of the corps.
14. Chief Superintendent
This is the most senior Superintendent rank in the corps just before the commandants. It is a senior officer rank.
15. Assistant Commandant
The Assistant Commandant is the lowest rank of the commandants. It is a senior rank of the corps.
This is the second rank of the commandants and is a senior officer rank. It is superior to Assistant Commandant and next to Assistant Commandant General.
17. Assistant Commandant General
There are four ranks of the Commandant General cadre and Assistant Commandant General is the lowest of them and the third highest rank in the corps.
18. Deputy Commandant General
This is the second highest rank of the Commandant Generals and in the corps. The officers on this rank are assistants to the Commandant General of the corps.
19. Commandant General
The Commandant General is the highest authority of the NSCDC. Only one person can hold this rank at a time and such person automatically becomes the head of the corps. He is directly answerable to the Minister of Interior and oversees all the activities of the corps.
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These are the ranks of the Nigerian Security and Civil Defence Corps. If you are looking for information on the ranking of the corps then this is it. Thank you for reading.Click here to see the latest Study Abroad Scholarships and Guides
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