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Restructuring Nigeria; Meaning, Reasons, Problems and Prospects

In this article we would like to throw more light on the concept of restructuring Nigeria and reasons why the country should be restructured.

Restructuring has become one of the most popular languages used in the Nigerian political world today.

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Many politicians and enlightened citizens are are calling on the federal government to restructure the country as it would help to move the country forward both economically and socially.

Having read a lot of articles about this topic I found most are filled with political grammars that are not easily understood by the average Nigerian and so I decided to write a very simple article on this issue in very plain language.

Read Also: War against Corruption in Nigeria – Success so far, Challenges and Prospects

Restructuring Nigeria; Meaning, Reasons, Problems and Prospects


What is Restructuring Nigeria?

Restructuring Nigeria would make a whole lot of sense if properly understood and implemented. The Nigerian system of government is a centralized government. In this system of government we have a big powerful central government which controls virtually all the affairs of the state government.

The central government which is also known as the federal government controls the amount of resources given to state government, approves the amenities to be put in place by the states as well as the ability of the state to generate power.

The state government requires the approval of the federal government to carry out any project and may not go ahead with any project if denied by the federal government, even if the project is much needed by the state!

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This is how things are done in the present Nigerian government. But now, Nigerians thinks that the country might be run in a different way – which is smoother and more transparent than the present system.

The citizens wants the federal government to vest more powers on the state government. They want the state government to control all the internal affairs of the country while the federal government controls international interest of the country.

It will become the responsibility of the federal government to oversee our foreign policy, defence, and economy. While the state government will deal with all internal issues like electric generation, building of universities, construction of roads and securities.

Read Also: School feeding Programme in Nigeria; the Concept, Advantages, Disadvantages

The need to restructure Nigeria

Having analyzed all the available facts and advantages of decentralized governance it will be a wise decision to restructure the country. Here are some reasons why we believe Nigeria should be restructured.

1. Security

One of the vital functions of the government to it’s citizens is the provision of security for them and their property. Having help coming to your doorstep in the quickest time is the dream of every person.

Now when the country is restructured, each state will be responsible for it’s police as well as firefighters. This will ensure that help can easily be provided.

It is not news that most firefighters often arrive at fire scenes when issues are already out of hand and still complain that equipment they require for their services have not been sent from Abuja.

But with each state responsible for providing all the needed equipment they would be able to function more efficiently.

Read Also: How to Survive in Nigeria Despite Huge Economic and Security Concerns

2. Electricity

Currently the federal government is responsible for the generation of power for the various states and we can see where that has led us to.

But giving the power to the state government that each states should stand alone and generate power to be consumed by the states will lead to more efficient power management.

3. Competition

Giving more powers to the state will probably result in competition amongst the state as each will try to do better than the other.

This could lead to more development and innovation and as well as increase tax yield as all states will be dependent on their tax yields, there will be hardly embezzlement of funds because it can easily be tracked.

Read More on: Nigeria Economy Today: Outlook, Facts, Analysis, and Economic Potentials

4. Biafra

Decentralized government may be an answer to the so long problem of Biafra. In a decentralized government each states will be independent of the federal government and there will be no complaints of marginalization from any state as they are no longer controlled by the federal government and any issues of corruption can easily be seen as arising from within the state.

5. Education

In a decentralized state, the state government will be responsible for providing education to it’s members. The building of universities and provision of salaries to lecturers will be the sole responsibility of the state government.

See the: Challenges Facing Education in Nigeria

Problems and Prospects of Restructuring Nigeria

Having seen all the above benefits of a decentralized government it is no doubt that Nigerians are desperately calling on the federal government to restructure the country.

However some are of the opinion that restructuring is not what the country actually needs at the moment. They believe that Nigeria is not yet ripe for this system of government.

This is because given the mechanics of decentralized government, powers can easily be abused. Let’s look at the idea about each state having their own security.

The state government can easily manipulate the security force to work to it’s sole purpose and to the disadvantage of the opposition parties and this can lead to injustice in the state. And how are we sure that state security will not just be a more convenient means for those agitating for the secession of the country?

Allowing each states to control it’s education can actually lower the value of education in the country. More states will be more interested in putting out statistics of the educated than actually educating them and this is rather alarming.

And not to talk more of the purpose of the country. Each country should have a general purpose. It goal it may want to achieve. This sort of focus can only be possible where the government is centralized. When the government is decentralized each state will have it’s own focus and at the end the country will not just be a single country but multiple countries within a country.

Like every other things in the world restructuring Nigeria has it’s own advantages and disadvantages and we should not only focus on the advantage but also take precautions by considering the things we stand to lose when we restructure.

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Mathew Ogih

Mathew Ogih is a Content Developer at InfoGuideNIgeria.com. InfoGuide Nigeria is a team of Resource Persons and Consultants led by Ifiokobong Ibanga. Page maintained by Ifiokobong Ibanga. If you need a personal assistance on this topic, kindly contact us.

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  1. In deed Nigeria needs to be restructured despite its disadvantages because I believed that its advantage is much more than its disadvantage.

  2. Nice write up. I am of the opinion that Nigeria should be restructured at all cost as it will be beneficial to all of us especially agricultural-wise

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