Health & Beauty

10 Strange Diseases In Nigeria

Many Nigerians have died as a result of suffering from one sickness or the other. Studies have however, confirmed that most of these sicknesses are preventable, and others can be treated.
Nigeria is one of the nation in the African continent that can boost of modern medical facilities across the country. These well equipped healthcare facilities are managed by well experienced professionals, but sometimes, one wonders as to why Nigerians are falling victims to most of these strange diseases. However, my work in this article is simply. I will be looking at the top ten strange diseases in Nigeria.
10 Strange Diseases In Nigeria
Diseases In Nigeria – Photo Source:

What Are The Ten Strange Diseases?

Below are at least ten strange diseases in Nigeria. Although, few of these diseases have no cure, but a good number of them are preventable and can be treated as well.

Lassa fever

Lassa fever is one of the strange diseases in Nigeria, and as at today, several suspected cases, as well as, some deaths have been reported from many states across Nigeria.
Some health care workers have been reported to have been affected by Lassa fever in some of the states in Nigeria. However, findings have revealed that, Lassa fever centers, where Lassa fever cases are managed in the country are operational.
While health care workers in these centers have been trained on infection control that are standard, as well as prevention measures.
The health care workers are expected in these centers to use the already provided personal protective equipment. Presently about three laboratories are in operation for Lassa fever test and confirmation.

Cerebro spinal meningitis CSM:

Cerebro spinal meningitis is another strange disease in Nigeria. During the outbreak of this disease in Nigeria, the federal government has to deployed epidemiologists including vaccines to make sure that, the disease is arrested.
The cerebro spinal meningitis, which according to the Health Minister, is not common in Nigeria, was brought in into the country by someone, coming in from Niger Republic.
The outbreak of this disease in Nigeria, particularly, in the northern part of the country has been described as unfortunate, even as the federal government sent out a team of epidemiologists with vaccine to address the disease.

Ebola Virus Diseases EVD:

This is another strange disease in Nigeria called, Ebola Virus Disease. This disease was formally called, Ebola haemorrhagic fever, this disease is deadly, quite severe, and it is a fatal kind of illness that often lead to human death.
The Ebola virus disease can be transmitted to humans through wild animals. The disease can be spread randomly where there is human population. And it is transmitted from one individual to the other.
The Ebola virus disease average case fatality rate is about considerable percentage. Besides, the outbreak of the disease most of the time, happened in both the urban areas and rural communities. Nevertheless, the government has done all it can to address the situation.

Monkey Pox

This is yet another fatal kind of illness that is strange but so severe. The country was sometime, but quite recent notified of the outbreak of human monkey pox.
To combat the challenge, the federal government has to intervened by deploying the Nigeria Center for Diseases Control NCDC to undertake laboratory investigations with a view to address the situation. Confirmed cases of this disease have indeed, been reported from across the country, that is, in different areas of the country.
However, majority of these victims were male. Investigations within and across states have suggested various sources by which the virus was introduced into the human population. Be that as it may, epidemiological investigation was carried out.


Cholera remains one of the strange and deadly diseases in Nigeria. Of recent, the World Health Organization WHO was notified about the outbreak of cholera outbreak in Nigeria.
For instance, there have been cases, where there was report about acute watery diarrhoea in the country. As the case may be, there was increase in the number of victims of this disease, even as death cases were also reported.
The disease was reported to affect all age group in the country. The cause of cholera has been traceable to poor sanitation conditions.
This observation was made, when there was discovery, pointing to the predisposing factor as a cause for the cholera outbreak. Besides, poor hygiene and lack of access to clean water was considered as some of the risk factors to the problem.

Yello Fever

There was a confirmed case of yellow fever in Nigeria, in fact, the Nigeria Center for Disease Control has informed the World Health Organization of this challenge.
There was a case-patient from one of the states in the country, Kwara state precisely, a girl of 7 year-old who developed the symptoms.
The symptoms however, include fever, and vomiting, as well as abdominal pain. There was no record that she has suffered from this illness before. At the Lagos University Teaching Hospital, she was tested positive by Polymerase Chain Reaction PCR, and was confirmed at the Institut Pasteur de Dakar IPD by serology test.

Meninggococcal Disease

Meninggococcal disease is a strange disease in Nigeria, and there was a reported case of the disease in Nigeria, and as a result, the Nigeria Center for Disease Control under the federal ministry of health has to notify the World Health Organization about the outbreak of the disease.
A good number of suspected cases of this disease has been reported, including death cases. Besides, the predominance of Neisseria meningitidis serogroup C has been confirmed in the affected places through laboratory test.

Acute Hepatitis

This is another strange disease in Nigeria called, Acute Hepatitis E. There was cases of outbreak of Acute hepatitis E in Nigeria, particularly in the northeast zone of Nigeria. \
Pregnant women were reported to have been infected by Acute hepatitis E, whereas, there was also death cases reported as a result of the disease. Some samples were taken down to the laboratory in Lagos state for the purpose of diagnosing the disease, and a good number shipped to the laboratory were tested positive.

Avian Influenza

Avian Influenza is another strange disease in Nigeria. The outbreak of Avian Influenza, known as the pathogenic H5N1 was confirmed in Nigeria of late in one of the farms and had subsequently spread into various areas of the country.
The report however, had it that, the outbreak of this highly pathogenic H5N1 avian Influenza has been detected and confirmed in over a hundred farms plus in some states in Nigeria.
There have been control measures taken on farms which include culling, and disinfection, as well as safe disposal of carcasses.


Pneumonia is one of the strange diseases found in Nigeria. It is a kind of disease that causes chest pain, and its infection is traceable to bacteria origin.
The disease, pneumonia is known as the lower respiratory tract infection, and it specializes in solidification of the lungs thus, leading difficulty in breathing and chest pain.
Pneumonia weakened the lungs and causes its inability to provide oxygen for the body, as a result most of the tissues and cells of the body lacked oxygen.
However, the pneumonia is a kind of disease that can be treated medically, and in most cases, it can be treated with antibiotics.


Nigeria is one of the nation in the African continent that can boost of modern medical facilities across the country. These well equipped healthcare facilities are managed by well experienced professionals, but sometimes, one wonders as to why Nigerians are falling victims to most of these strange diseases.

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Joseph Athanasius

Joseph Athanasius is a Content Developer at InfoGuide Nigeria is a team of Resource Persons and Consultants led by Ifiokobong Ibanga. Page maintained by Ifiokobong Ibanga. If you need a personal assistance on this topic, kindly contact us.

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