WAEC Syllabus for Dyeing And Bleaching

WAEC Syllabus for Dyeing And Bleaching. WAEC Syllabus for Dyeing And Bleaching is available for all candidates who want to participate in the examination. The West African examination council (WAEC) has officially introduced a syllabus that will guide all the WAEC candidates who wish to write the WAEC examination this year. For a very successful WAEC Dyeing And Bleaching examination for this year, you need to check out the available areas of concentration. It has been divided into sections with chapters, followed by the topics to be covered in preparation for the exams. In the WAEC Syllabus for Dyeing And Bleaching, you will also see the format of how the WAEC Dyeing And Bleaching questions will be presented. Jamb form 

There are always 3 sections to answer questions from. Paper 1 to 3. Where paper one (1) carries 45 minutes for 40 marks.; paper two (2) carries 1 hour 40 minutes for 60 marks, while paper three (3) carries 100 marks.

WAEC Syllabus for Dyeing And Bleaching

This WAEC syllabus is for both the O’level WAEC and General Certificate Examination (GCE) candidates. Final year students in the senior secondary school level and external candidates are eligible to make use of this syllabus and prepare ahead of the examination. WAEC Syllabus for Dyeing And Bleaching

See the full detailed information concerning the WAEC Dyeing And Bleaching Syllabus below.

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This syllabus is intended to create a platform for an objective assessment of candidates’ understanding of the socio-economic prospects of Dyeing and Bleaching. Through this, the extent of their skills in exploiting Dyeing and Bleaching for wealth creation, self-sustainability and poverty eradication shall be evaluated.


Candidates will be tested on their

(i)         knowledge and practical skill in the functional and productive  manipulation of dyes and

chemicals on fabrics;

(ii)        creative ingenuity in visual representations;

(iii)       ability to produce finished designed fabric for appreciation and economic patronage;

(iv)       understanding of the safety measures in executing dyeing and bleaching.

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There will be three papers, Papers 1, 2, and 3, all of which should be taken. Papers 1 and 2 shall be a composite paper to be taken at one sitting.

PAPER 1: The paper will consists of forty multiple choice questions drawn from the entire

syllabus. Candidates will be required to answer all the questions in 45 minutes for 40 marks.

PAPER 2: The paper will consists of six essay-type questions out of which candidates will be

required to answer any four of the questions in 1 hour 40 minutes for 60 marks.

PAPER 3: This paper will evaluate candidates’ skills in tie-dye, batik and printing. The paper shall have three alternatives: (a) Tie-dye; (b) Batik (Wax or Starch Resist) and  (c) Printing. Candidates shall answer question(s) in of the alternatives only.

The paper shall be rendered on fabric with dye-resist materials and printing inks. Each alternative shall carry 100 marks. Candidates shall have 30 minutes for preparation after which the test will commence and last for four hours.

The test will be conducted and assessed on the spot by a visiting Examiner appointed by the West African Examinations Council (WAEC).  The question paper will be made available to candidates at least two weeks before the date of the test. Jamb Result




(a)        Meaning of tie- dye

(b)        Types of tie-dye designs

(c)        Materials and tools for tie-dye

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(a)    Definition of  colour

(b)    Classes of colours

(c)    Formation of motifs for designs

(d)   Using motifs to create impressions on the fabric

(e)    Creation of patterns e.g  repeat, mirror, halfdrop, halfslide, block etc. Dollar to Naira Rate


(a)    Safety materials to be used when dyeing e.g. nose and mouth masks, rubber gloves, apron, cold water, petroleum jelly  e.t.c.

(b)    Proper storage of chemicals

(c)    Proper handling of electrical appliances

(d)   Importance of safety precautions



(a)   Meaning of dye

(b)   Types of dyes e.g.(synthetic and natural dyes)-cold-water dye(reactive),

warm / hot-water dye (dylon) etc.

(c)   Preparation of dye bath


(a)   Dyeing procedures

  1. Plain dyeing
  2. Pattern dyeing e.g tieing techniques, marbling

(b)   Finishing (oxidation, washing, starching, ironing and packaging)

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(a)   Meaning of batik

(b)   Types of batik e.g freehand, splashing, cracking, blocking, etc

(c)    Materials and tools for batik e.g wax, fabric, tjanting, form, starch, yam, flour,     dyes etc

  1. BATIK

  (1)      Wax Resist Method

(a)   Preparation of fabric, wax and other materials

(b)    Waxing techniques and precautions

(c)    Oxidation and de- waxing

(d)   Finishing.

 (2)       Starch Resist Method

(a)    Meaning of starch

(b)    Materials and tools for starch resist technique

(c)     Preparation of paste

(d)   Safety and precautions in starch resist method

(e)    Different methods of starch resist e.g.  stenciling, freehand drawing, screening and stamping

(f)    Oxidation and removal of starch

(g)    Finishing

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  • Meaning of printing
  • Printing techniques e.g relief process (lino), intaglio, silk screen etc.
  • Tools, materials and equipment for printing
  • Motif formation
  • Production process of fabric printing
  • Finishing



(1)          (a)     Introduction to tie-dye printing

(b)     Techniques used to print on tie- dye e.g. direct printing,

discharge printing, resist printing, transfer printing, etc.

(c)     Materials and tools for tie-dye and printing

(d)    Finishing

Read Also: WAEC Syllabus for Dyeing And Bleaching

(2).          (a)    Meaning of bleaching

(b)    Types of bleaching e.g chlorine bleaching and oxygen  bleaching

(c)    Materials and tools for bleaching e.g fabric, chemicals( choloros, caustic soda, hydrosulphite etc).

(d)   Application of bleach on fabric. Npower Recruitment


  1. Alum
  2. Bee wax
  3. Boiling ring / Electric Kettle
  4. Bowls of different sizes
  5. Brown paper or old newspaper
  6. Brushes, sable and bristle
  7. Cardboard
  8. Caustic soda, hydrosulphite, chlorine, chlorous, sodium chloride
  9. Chisel
  10. Cutting knives
  11. Cutting saw/ machine
  12. Drawing pins
  13. Drawing sheet
  14. Dye stuffs
  15. Eraser
  16. Fabric (assorted)
  17. Foam
  18. Frame for stretching fabric and a medium sized screen printing frame
  19. Generator
  20. Hand drier
  21. Pressing iron
  22. Lino sheets
  23. Lino cutters
  24. Long table for printing
  25. Masking tapes
  26. Metal pot
  27. Plastic
  28. Mixing cups
  29. Needle and thread
  30. Nylon(thick or carpet)
  31. Padded table
  32. Paddle stick and ladle
  33. Palette knife
  34. Pegs
  35. Pencil
  36. Plastic buckets
  37. Poster colour
  38. Raffia/twine
  39. Rubber gloves
  40. Rubber rollers
  41. Rulers
  42. Spoons
  43. Spraying gun, automizer machine
  44. Squeegee
  45. Stapler
  46. Stove
  47. Tjanting
  48. Template(different sizes)
  49. Texfast ink
  50. Wax
  51. Wooden hanger
  52. Thimbles
  53. Opaque ink
  54. Mesh
  55. Seriset and bichromate (blue emotion)
  56. Lacquer
  57. Plain glass
  58. Starch

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