WAEC Syllabus for Printing Craft Practice

WAEC Syllabus for Printing Craft Practice. WAEC Syllabus for Printing Craft Practice is available for all candidates who want to participate in the examination. The West African examination council (WAEC) has officially introduced a syllabus that will guide all the WAEC candidates who wish to write the WAEC examination this year. For a very successful WAEC Printing Craft Practise examination for this year, you need to check out the available areas of concentration. It has been divided into sections with chapters, followed by the topics to be covered in preparation for the exams. In the WAEC Syllabus for Printing Craft Practise, you will also see the format of how the WAEC Printing Craft Practise questions will be presented. Jamb form 

There are 3 sections to answer questions from. Paper 1 is Objective and paper 2 contains essay questions and paper 3 is practical. Where paper one (1) carries 45 minutes for 40 marks; paper two (2) carries 1½ hours for 60 marks and paper three (3) 1 hour each for 100 marks each for section A & B.

WAEC Syllabus for Printing Craft Practise

This WAEC syllabus is for both the O’level WAEC and General Certificate Examination (GCE) candidates. Final year students in the senior secondary school level and external candidates are eligible to make use of this syllabus and prepare ahead of the examination. WAEC Syllabus for Printing Craft Practice

See the full detailed information concerning the WAEC Printing Craft Practise Syllabus below.


There will be three papers, Papers 1, 2 and 3 all of which must be taken. Papers 1 and 2 will be a composite paper to be taken at one sitting.

Paper 1:               will consist of forty multiple-choice objective questions all of which are to be answered in 45 minutes for 40 marks.

Paper 2:               will consist of five essay questions.  Candidates will be required to answer any four in 1½ hours for 60 marks.

Paper 3:               will be a practical test of 1 hour duration.  It will consist of two practical questions out of which candidates will be required to answer one for 100 marks. Pounds to Naira

A list of materials for the test shall be made available to schools not less than two weeks before the paper is taken for material procurement and relevant preparations.


Alternatively, in the event that materials for the actual practical test cannot be acquired, the Council may consider testing theoretically, candidates’ level of acquisition of the practical skills prescribed in the syllabus. For this alternative test, there will be two sets of questions both of which must be answered in 2 hours for 100 marks.






Introduction to the Art of Printing


(i)    Art of Definition, explanation of printing.

(ii)   Importance, products advantages and uses.

(iii)   Printing in Nigeria-Survey Press,Federal

Government Press,RailwayPress,Daily Times

and other Press Houses.

(iv)   Copyright law,History – Origin,Chinese,Johan

Gutenberg.The role of Hope Waddel and

Henry Townsend (1846 – 1926) and

(1926 – 1960).

(v)    Printing and Career – Importance, Careers,         e.g. Lithography machine minders, etc.

(vi)   Printing Processes, description         materials/tools/equipment – letter press/relief         printing; offset/lithography; Gravure/intaglio,        screen, stencil/flexography.




Workshop safety and maintenance


(i)     Technical workshops for printing – types e.g. lithography and machine room.

(ii)    Safety in the workshop – precautions, air-        condition, electrical and lightings, dark rooms,         machine rooms.

(iii)   Safety in the Binding and Print finishing, safety in the hot metal composition room.

(iv)   Maintenance of machines, tools and equipment in the Printing workshop,                 Enumerate the procedures.



Letter Assembly

(a)   Hand Composition





(b)  Design for Printing


(c)  Mechanical Composition


(d)   Photo-composition


Identification e.g. Tools and facilities.

Explanation in simple Principles and terminologies, techniques, structures and parts of types.

Identification of type faces and typography.


The concepts of basic design and instrument.


Description and listing of differences between monotype and linotype; accessories and their uses.

(i)    Equipment/tools, accessories.

(ii)    Meaning: principles and components

(iii)   Advantages.





(a)   Print Finishing






(b)   Binding materials, tools        and equipment




(c)  Binding




(d)   Pamphlet




(e)   Perfect binding




(f)   Edition binding




(g)   Loose sheet binding



(h)   Warehouse


(i)    Meaning, importance,etc

(ii)    Types and processes e.g. Edition case binding and loose leaves. Jamb Result

(iii)   Technical Terms.

(iv)    Materials and accessories.


(i)     Materials – e.g. sewing- thread and leathers.

(ii)    Bone-folders and guillotine.

(iii)    Papers and boards.



(i)    Types: book, pamphlet, padding, edition case,         loose – sheet, perfect binding.

(ii)    Processes.


Importance, explanation, description and processes, e.g. cutting, stitching, etc. Dollar to Naira Rate



Concept, importance and processes.

Differences between perfect binding and other types.



Edition binding materials and their usages.

Distinguish between edition binding and others.


Description, operational outline and materials, tools and equipment.



(i)     Define warehouse.

(ii)    Identification and uses of types of printing         materials e.g. paper and board, ink, chemicals,         printing surfaces, sizes, substances,


(iii)   Stock and inventory control.






Screen printing

(1)  Frame/stencil making


(i)     Origin of screen printing

(ii)    Preparation and methods –

wooden frame, mesh (silk), hand-made stencil with cardboard; stencil using block out method.

(iii)   Stretching of the mesh on the frame.

(iv)   Materials and tools – frame mesh, shoulder

joint, glue and nails, squeegee,wax,paint,

sponge, cardboard, oil base or water free ink.


(a)    Print



(b)    Photographic screen         making









(c)   Image Reproduction


Making print using a stencil with attention on registration marks and different colours.


(i)   Coating of the screen with sensitized solution.

(ii)   Exposure of the screen with the gelatin

solution in the suitable source of light and

development with water.

(iii)   Identification and uses of the following materials – silk or organdie gelatin coating,         dichromate, positive image, board light source,         tracing paper, black light source, tracing paper, black paint (Opaque).

(i)    Transferring of image from the mesh/stencil to the substrate, e.g. paper, sticker, plastic, etc.

(ii)   The use of enlarger and Kodaklith translucent printing paper.




Lithography – Process Camera Work


(1)     Planning –


(a)   Work Ticket


(b)    Layout Planning


Preparation, interpretation and uses.



(i)    Definition of lithography and layout planning

(ii)   The procedure and uses of the layout planning in chronological order, e.g. identification of griper margin, image area, folds and gutter margins.

(iii)   Materials – Negative/Positive flats, masking tape/brown paper, etc.

Tools and equipment and their uses: Light table, stripping knife, etc.

(iv)   Identification of Negative/Positive e.g. emulsion and non-emulsion side.


(2)   Film making/

Process camera















Plate making









(i)      Definition, qualities, functions and safety rules of darkroom. Npower Recruitment

(ii)     Equipment and materials for film making.  e.g. chemicals, original art work, (different type)          funnels, developing-sink/tray, mixing tools,          pail.etc.

Process camera; Digital Colour Separation          Machine.

(iii)    Types of films and their characteristic,

Panchromatic films,Orthochromatic film,

Laser films.

(iv)    Chemicals – Developer; fixatives and stop bath; and their uses.

Preparation and preservation of films.

Effect of safe-light on films.


Description of plate-making equipment and their uses.  e.g. plate processor, developing sink, exposure/frame vacuum, etc.

Materials – Pre-sensitised plates, gum,


The process of making corrections and preservation of plates and safety procedures.





Machine Printing


(i)   Offset Machine Printing










(i)        Techniques of offset printing

(ii)       Spare parts and maintenance procedures e.g. lubrication, bearings, rollers setting, etc.

(iii)      Brief history of offset lithographic machine.

(iv)      Configuration of lithographic machine.

(v)       Plate and adjustment in correcting image position on the sheet during the printing process.

(vi)      Functions of the important parts of the press

and its running.

(vii)     Major units of a lithographic printing machine and their functions. Waec Result


(ii)   Relief Printing








(iii)  Gravure Printing        (Intaglio)




(iv)   Flexographic Printing










(i)        History; explanation; principles and types of relief printing.

(ii)       Important parts and maintenance.

(iii)      Method and schemes of imposition.

(iv)      Types of image carrier.

(v)       Tools and Materials- Chase, Quoin,

Solvents, Oils, etc.


(i)   History, explanation, principles and types of             Gravure Image Carrier.

(ii)   Products and advantages/disadvantages.



(i)    Definition and concept of flexography and its image carrier.

(ii)   Differences between flexography printing and other machine printing.

(iii)   The importance of flexographic printing to the packaging industry e.g. cellophane and pharmaceutical industry.

(iv)   Products- cellophane bags, pharmaceutical and food packing products. Jamb form 


    8 Legal Aspects of the  Printing Industry (i)    Trade houses in the printing industry and their activities e.g. Employers Association;         Professional Bodies, Training Institutions,         Examination Bodies and other Foreign Trade         House.

(ii)    Copyright



       1. Vacuum Frame                                2
2. Table 4
3. Screen mesh stretcher 5
4. Gullotine 1
5. Magnifier 10
6. Squeege 20
7. Stencil knife 10
8. Compass cutter 2
9. Drying Rack (Cabinet) 1
10. Light table 4
11. Pallet 2
12. Register scope 1
13. Densitometer 1
      14. Type scale 1
      15. Printing down frame 1
      16. Small offset machine 1
      17. A set of Computer 1
      18. Scanner and Printer 1 each
      19. Giant stapler 2


S/N                      TITTLE              AUTHOR
 1 Printing Technology Adams Faux
 2 Comprehensive Graphic Art Dr Ervin A, Denis

Dr John D,Jenkins

 3 Screen Printing Techniques Albert Kosloff M,A
4 An Approach to Printing Management Soji Adeniyan
5 Graphic Communication in Nigeria Abdul Rasheed Afolabi

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