Are Nigerian youths unemployed or unemployable? Some employers in the country claim they are unemployable. But, why should it be so? In this post, we will take a look at the top 10 reasons why most Nigerian graduates are unemployable according to some hiring firms and companies.
The population of graduates in Nigeria is high and the rate of unemployment in Nigeria is quite alarming. In fact, a survey has revealed that over 90,000 people, which is about 47 percent of Nigeria’s university graduates are unemployed in the country that is considered, Africa’s largest economy.
Moreover, according to estimation, the country tertiary institutions produced about 500,000 graduates each year, besides, there are some Nigerian graduates who study abroad, and who are back home to compete for job opportunities in the country. This makes the percentage of unemployable graduates in Nigeria to be on a steady high rate.
Nevertheless, if you ask me, the above data is a problem that needs urgent solution on the public sector, as well as, the private sector operators. However, the number of unemployed university graduates in Nigeria will be in the increase in the coming years.
You may wish to ask, why are Nigerian graduates unemployable even in the schools that trains them? Well, Some employers in the country have attributed the issue of unemployment of Nigerian graduates to the quality of university education they have acquired, which according to them, is the reason they are unemployable. Let’s see the details below;
10 Reasons why most Nigerian graduates are unemployable
It is true that the rate of unemployment in Nigeria is quite alarming. Even when, a survey has revealed that over 90,000 people, which is about 47 percent of Nigeria’s university graduates are unemployed in the country that is considered, Africa’s largest economy.
However, in this article, l will be concentrating my effort in highlighting at least, 10 why Nigerian graduates are unemployable and solutions to the problem.
1. Lack of Employability skills
One of the major reasons why most Nigerian graduates are unemployable is because most Nigerian graduates are said to lack employable skills, some kind of skills that could guarantee employment.
In other words, most Nigerian graduates, which Nigerian tertiary institutions have produced over the years are said to lack the relevant skills needed today in the labour market.
And so, until the Nigerian government look into the matter and see how to proffer solution to the problem, by way of improving the education system in the country, the problem of unemployment in the country will continue to remain a thing of concern in Nigeria.
2. Failure To Place Emphasis On Entrepreneurship In School Curriculum
The Problems in the Nigerian education system has been identified as one problem that has contributed to the reasons why most Nigerian graduates are unemployable.
The problem is nothing but, the total failure of the system in the country to place much emphasis on the practical concepts of entrepreneurship in the school curriculum.
Take, for instance, so much emphasis has been placed on theoretical education more than what is being placed on entrepreneurship exposure of the Nigerian students. This is a tragedy and the reason why Nigerian graduates will continue to be unemployable.
3. Quality Of Training Not In Tune Society’s Need
Misplaced priority in Nigeria Education is another reason why Nigerian youths are unemployed. This is simple, the quality of training is said not to be in tune with the need of Nigerian society.
This problem, where the quality of education and the focus of training as offered by the Nigerian schools are different from the needs of the society is what has contributed to the reason why most Nigerian graduates are unemployable.
And this means perhaps, there is a problem with the system of education in Nigeria, and this call for the attention of the Nigerian government to do something urgently about the education system in the country in order to bring a lasting solution to the problem of unemployment.
4. Most Programmes In Nigerian Schools Are Irrelevant
One of the major reasons why most Nigerian graduates are unemployable is because most of the programmes done in the Nigerian universities are said to be irrelevant, which perhaps, are not marketable in the labour market.
And one wonders why universities programmes in Nigeria are irrelevant, and nothing is done about that by the relevant authorities in the country.
How will Nigerian universities will be graduating over 500,000 graduates yearly, who do not have what to offer the society, or who could not create jobs for themselves, and perhaps, become employers of labour, or worst still, who do not have the requisite knowledge that guarantees them employment. It is unfortunate!
5. Having Job Experience Before One Can Secure A Job:
Another reason why most Nigerian graduates are unemployable is one of the criteria for securing employment in Nigeria is that one must have work experience before he can gain employment in the country.
Most employers will be asking for job experiences for Nigerian graduates, who are fresher in the labour market.
This is very wrong, how do expect a fresh graduate, who has just graduated from school or who has just completed his or her National Youth Service Corp NYSC program to have experience in the job first before you give her or his employment?
6. Students Are Not Impacted With New Knowledge Due To Lack Of Lecturers’ Training;
Another reason why most Nigerian graduates are unemployable is because Nigerian students who study in the tertiary institutions in the country are not being impacted with new skills and knowledge because the university lecturers, who taught these students are not undergoing training, they are not upgrading their knowledge in line with the current trend of education system hence, the students are found wanting in terms of the current skills and knowledge that drive Nigeria’s labour market. Even when these university lecturers are trained, they are not getting themselves retrained.
7. Graduates Lack Basic Mental And Practical Skills:
One of the reasons why most Nigerian graduates are unemployable is because most of them lacked the basic mental skill, and basic practical skill, and basic social skill, and basic developmental skill to actually function efficiently and effectively in any assigned job at the workplace. So this problem has been identified as one of the problems that have contributed to why most Nigerian graduates are unemployable.
8. Graduates Lack The Required Knowledge Of Seeking For Jobs:
Another reason why most Nigerian graduates are unemployable is that Nigerian students, in fact, most of them do not know how to seek for these job opportunities hence, they lose out in the labour market.
Therefore, most Nigerian students do not secure employment why? It is because the students do not get the know-how knowledge on how to seek for jobs. So, this area of knowledge deficiency has been identified also as one of the reasons why most Nigerian students are not being employed.
9. Low Quality Of Education:
Another reason why most Nigerian graduates are unemployable is that the quality of education in Nigeria is said to be low. And one wonders why the quality of university education in Nigeria is so low, and nothing is done about that by the relevant authorities in the country.
How will Nigerian universities will be producing about 500,000 graduates yearly, who received a low quality of university education, which has a result has made these students unemployable? The relevant authorities should do something about this!
10. A Number Of Curricula In Nigerian Universities Are Outdated:
One of the major reasons why most Nigerian graduates are unemployable is because most of the curricula that are being used in the Nigerian university system are said to be outdated, in other words, those curricula are no longer in tune with the present university education realities.
Hence, most Nigerian students are found wanting in terms of current skills and knowledge that drive Nigeria’s labour market.
Read more on 10 Ways to Reduce Unemployment in Nigeria
It is true that the rate of unemployment in Nigeria is quite alarming. Even when, a survey has revealed that over 90,000 people, which is about 47 percent of Nigeria’s university graduates are unemployed in the country that is considered, Africa’s largest economy. However, in this article, l have concentrated my effort in highlighting at least, 10 possible reasons why most Nigerian graduates are unemployable.
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