In this post, I will guide you on how to become an Engineer in Nigeria. I have explained the six steps involved in the training and certification of engineers in Nigeria.
Engineering without much introduction is described as one of the noblest profession in the world today. It covers practically every sector of life and everything we use today that makes life easy for us, is a credit to Engineering.
From the car in your garage to the bed you sleep on, Engineering has made a great impact in our various lives. Little wonder why everyone really wishes to become and Engineer, either to because of the prestige that comes along or the zeal to continue with the inventions that would keep making life easy for man.
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There are various aspects and branches of Engineering, and it would be completely covered in this Article. So no matter where you are or what aspect you wish to specialize in, this article will come in a little bit handy for you as a guide. Now, down to the steps of becoming an Engineer!
Step-by-Step Guide to Become an Engineer in Nigeria
1. Start a preparatory class:
Preparatory class might mean a lot of things to various people, but in this article, a preparatory class is clearly defined as a primary level of education that enables you to learn the art of reading and writing. This is the level whereby the basic subjects are taught to you, so that you can have the basic knowledge of education. This level of schooling covers basically every aspect of whatever career you wish to finally undertake and from this point; your natural instincts towards whatever you may eventually become will now come to play and start manifesting.
2. Junior Secondary School Training to Become an Engineer in Nigeria:
After passing the common entrance examination, it is expected you enroll for a Junior secondary education where subjects like Basic Technology, Mathematics, English, Basic Science should be of great interest to you. If you notice that a child or you derives great joy from these subjects or is well grounded such subjects, it is very clear that he is science inclined. After writing the Junior WAEC that is conducted after J.ss3, it is mandatory that he chooses a science class.
3. Senior Secondary Education Training to Become an Engineer in Nigeria:
This is a crucial stage in the life of anyone who chooses to become an Engineer in Nigeria. It is mandatory that takes up science courses in this level of education. Subjects such as; English, Mathematics, Chemistry, Physics, Biology, Technical Drawing should be core courses he has to become grounded in.
Some students don’t often see the importance of offering Technical drawing as a core subject in Senior Secondary School, and it goes a long way to affect them in the tertiary institution when they finally settle for Courses like Mechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering and even Electrical/Electronics Engineering. So it is mandatory that such a course should be given due attention while still in secondary school.
4. Write Entrance Examinations to Study Engineering in Nigeria:
Examinations such as the W.A.E.C/NECO/NABTEB should be written before graduation from senior secondary school, while other advance exams like JAMB, POST-UME, should be written after graduation, as it qualifies you for entrance into tertiary institutions.
Students make a whole lot of mistake when thinking of courses that they can select, and most times it affects their admission chances. A science student who has the hope of reading any form of engineering course should have select courses closely related like the under-listed for his WAEC exams.
WAEC / NECO Subjects for Students who want to study Engineering
- Technical Drawing
- And any language course available.
JAMB Subjects Combination for Students who want to study Engineering
While for the Jamb/UTME exams, he should be able to select just four subjects to write on. And it is most likely to be.
This selection of courses will make give you a better chance to be admitted into any tertiary institution in Nigeria once you reach the required cut-off score of the said institution and the course chosen.
5. University Training to become an Engineer in Nigeria
Choose a Course: There are lots of engineering courses out there; and it solely depends on either the one you wish for, the one you feel you would love or the one you feel would suit the talents you already possess.
I know a little guy who had been fixing the light bulbs in their house and repairing minor faults in their electronic gadgets at home. When it was time to choose a course after secondary school, it wasn’t such a difficult task for him because he had already known what he wanted to become.
If you think you are confused about the engineering course that would suit you, I think you should be able to talk to older ones around or your teachers who taught you in levels below. They are in the best position to hear you out and give you advice that would guide you properly.
Engineering Courses in Nigerian Universities
Below is a list of some engineering courses in most Nigerian institutions
- Mechanical Engineering
- Food science Technology
- Chemical Engineering
- Production Engineering
- Civil Engineering
- Aeronautic Engineering
- Computer Engineering
- Marine Engineering
- Metallurgical and Materials Engineering
- Structural Engineering
- Systems Engineering
- Petroleum Engineering.
All the above courses are taught in major tertiary institutions in Nigeria so it depends on your choice of school and also course of study
6. Certifications and Qualifications to become an Engineer in Nigeria
Become certified: After graduation from the university, it is mandatory for a graduate of Engineering to gain work experience of about 4 years in his chosen field of study before looking forward to becoming a certified Engineer. There are two major bodies that can help you achieve that.
NSE (Nigerian Society of Engineers) and COREN (Council for the Regulation of Engineering in Nigeria) are the two major bodies. The NSE is a voluntary association established by the practitioners of the profession while the council for the Regulation of Engineering in Nigeria (COREN) is a statutory organ of Federal Government, established by decree and concerned with certificate of persons for the purpose of practicing the engineering profession in Nigeria.
After studying for 5 years, it is important for a graduate to gain a minimum of 4 years’ experience in his line of Job before he is deemed qualify to apply for professional exams.
The professional exam is conducted by the NSE and is in three stages.
- Technical Report: It requires a submission of a report of any project you have been part of or you supervised or you solely handled. If the NSE finds your report worthy, you will move on to the next stage.
- Oral interview: It is basically testing your technical experience along your field of study
- Professional Exam: It comprises of the Essay writing, Multi-choice questions and a lot of others. After sitting and passing your professional exams, you are now found worthy of being called an Engineer. Meaning you can now bear a title of Engr attached to your name. The corporate certificate issued to use by the NSE gives you automatic qualification to apply for COREN. If your application with COREN is successful, you can now bear the name R.Eng (Registered Engineer).
In conclusion, there are lots of benefits that comes along with being an Engineer in Nigeria and they are too numerous to mention. Studying Engineering in the university doesn’t give you the automatic qualification to become a registered Engineer if you don’t go through the process.