Civil engineering is an aspect/branch of engineering that deals with the structure of building, strength of materials etc. it is one of the core branches in engineering that deals with design, analytical measurement and analysis of structure.
It is an essential aspect of engineering as it deals with built environment and can be dated to the first time someone place a roof over his head or place a tree trunk across a river to make it easier to get across.
Civil engineers do a lot more than design buildings and bridges, they can be found in aerospace industry, designing jetliners and space stations, in the auto mobile industry, perfecting the load carrying capacity of a chassis and improving the crash-worthiness of bumpers and doors, civil engineers can be found in the ship building industry, power industry and many other industries wherever constructed facilities are involved.
What they actually do in these facility is that they oversee the construction of these facilities as construction managers.
Civil engineering is an exciting profession because at the end of the day you can see the result of your work, whether it is a completed bridge, a high-rise building, a subway station or a dam.
Profitability Of The Career
Civil engineering is a profitable career has it has many demands even in time of recession because basically everyone wants a place to live, need a good bridge to cross over.
Civil engineers are needed to build the places and construct the bridges. Initially civil engineers get a slow salary but as he gets more experience in the field, he becomes one of the highest paid in the world.
Market Structure Of The Business
As a civil engineer, you need to be known for your work, you need to be known for honesty and how you deliver optimally, in other words you need to have a good reputation.
In order to gain better ground in the market, you need to know your customers in and out, you need to know what they want, how they want it and where they want it.
Also you need to know what business they are into in order to know whether it favours your discipline or not. Furthermore, a good budget should be drawn when given a contract to avoid unnecessary spending.
Demand Analysis, Competition And Opportunities
Global civil engineering market is expected to benefit significantly over the forecast period owing to rising demand for non-residential construction projects that require mostly civil engineers.
Due to the relevance of civil engineering, its applications is essential both private as well as public sector. The need for government and private sector to construct new roads, built bridges, dams, sewer system, irrigation project, power plant, railways, airports, constitutes the demand for civil engineering.
As a graduate of this program, you will be qualified to work on the construction of private developments and public facilities like roads, buildings, and water distribution and sewer systems. Graduates typically work under the supervision of engineers.
How to Become A Civil Engineer In Nigeria
After attaining a degree in civil engineering, the next phase would be how to start up your profession. Basically it would be better to get an employment with a construction company, so that, you can get the necessary experience on how to carry out a site project.
After completion of one project cycle with the company and your intuition says you can execute similar job yourself, then you are ready to be a contractor yourself.
In order to start up a civil engineering business, it would be wise to know how to write a business plan related to civil engineering, also endeavour to know competitors venturing in the same business, try as much as possible to collaborate with the competitors and also see whether franchising would favour your business.
Business Location: Best Location Idea
The site or company of civil engineers should be located in a less dense populated area, if possible it should be in a remote area where people don’t live.
Capital is one of the most essentials to consider when starting up any business. In order to determine the estimate of the capital needed to start up a civil engineering business, you must consider all alternatives or ramifications, before venturing into it.
Certification & Licensing
Licensure is not required for entry-level positions as a civil engineer. A Professional Engineering (PE) license, which allows for higher levels of leadership and independence, can be acquired later in one’s career.
Licensed engineers are called professional engineers (PEs). A PE can oversee the work of other engineers, approve design plans, sign off on projects, and provide services directly to the public.
Knowledge Needed & Training required
A civil engineer must be able to use mathematics to solve problems, must be able to talk to others to convey information effectively, must be a good listener, must be able to manage time, must be able to persuade others, must actively look for ways to help people, must be able to manage finance resource etc.
Management is a very critical role to play in a company as it entails the longevity of the company. management encompasses the activities in the company, the finance in the company, the growth of the company. Therefore, a civil engineer should endeavour to maximize his management ability.
Staffing and Advising
A civil engineer who is good at his work and has little experience should be recruited along side novice in the field, in order to offer valuable advice when the need arises.
In order to promote your company or self-esteem as a contractor, you need to market yourself, or your company. people need to know the reputation of your company and how good they are at what they do. This can be done by creating websites entails the activating of your company.
Read Also: How to Become an Engineer in Nigeria
So, that was it on how to become a Civil Engineer in Nigeria. If you ever dream of becoming a Civil Engineer in Nigeria, these useful pieces will help you scale through, hopefully.
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