Shampoo production is a profitable business one can do to make money daily, because it is easy to make and its ingredients are easily procured from most markets.
Most people think it is expensive but produce shampoo but in this post, I will explain the easy steps of shampoo production. You can use this as a guide to produce your own shampoo too. Let us explain the meaning of shampoo.
Shampoos are not different from detergents. However, they are basically detergents used for taking care of the hair and scalp. Shampoo is defined as a thick, viscous liquid that is used for washing the hair and scalp to make them shine.
It is the liquid used to remove sebum from the hair and scalp. Sebum refers to excess oil, dirt and skin dirt formed on the hair and scalp.
Shampoos like detergents also foam in water and are easily washed off from the hair and scalp. They are hair care products which come in form of viscous liquids and opaque pastes. They are used in hairdressing saloons and homes.
The properties of a good shampoo are:
1. It must have a pH of 5.5.
2. It must be easy to rinse off.
3. It must give a rich foaming lather in water.
4. It must have a long shelf life.
5. It must cleanse the hair.
Profitability of Producing Shampoo
Shampoo production is a very profitable business. You can earn thousands of naira producing shampoo on a small scale(#450,000) and #7,000,000 monthly on a commercial scale.
Its profitability is also enhanced because many ladies treat their hairs with shampoos in saloons all over Nigeria. It is a product most Nigerian ladies and saloons have in their care.
Amount of Money Needed for the Investments
The shampoo production business is a highly competitive and regulated business. As somebody preparing to start a shampoo making business, you must be ready for stiff competition from your competitors.
A small scale shampoo producer needs about #30,000 to start the business while commercial scale shampoo producer needs at least #2,000,000 to start the business.
This is because the producer would need to have a manufacturing plant and equipment to run it. This include a mixer, cooler, filling equipment, batch tanks, weighing equipment and laboratory equipment.
The producer will also be required to hire qualified laboratory technicians and scientists to formulate shampoos. The producer will also hire compounded to mix the shampoo ingredients based on strict mixing instructions.
He/She will also hire sales representatives, marketers, factory managers, cleaners, casual labour, drivers and security men.
Forms of Shampoo Products in Nigeria
There are various forms of shampoo products in Nigeria. This is because of value being added to shampoo to make different shampoo products. The various forms of shampoo products are:
1. Liquid clear shampoos
2. Liquid cream shampoos
3. Cream paste shampoos
4. Beer shampoos
5. Dry shampoos
6. Liquid dry shampoos
7. Baby shampoos
a. Mixing machine
b. Cooling machine
c. Bottle filling machine
d. Bottle sealing machine
e. Weighing machine
f. Laboratory equipment
g. Open tank with speed stirred
a. Nitrosol: half cup
b. Sulphuric acid:one-quarter litre
c. Caustic soda: one and a half cup
d. Soda ash: one and half cup
e. Fragrance:As desired
f. Industrial camphor: 1 tablespoon
g. Preservative(Formalin):1 tablespoon
h. Colouring: As desired
i. Distilled water: 10 litres
j. Vitamin E
Where to Get the Materials
The equipment could be procured from foreign dealers.
Step-by-Step Process of Production
a. Pour distilled water into a bowl.
b. Pour Nitrosol into water and mix thoroughly.
c. Leave the mixture for 24hours.
d. Pour caustic soda into water.
e. Stir the solution.
f. Add soda ash to water in another bowl.
g. Stir the solution.
h. Add the soda ash solution to the caustic soda solution.
i. Mix the two solutions together thoroughly.
j. Add sulphuric acid to the soda solution.
k. Stir well to mix thoroughly.
l. Add preservative to the mixture and stir thoroughly to mix well.
m. Add colour to the mixture and stir well.
n. Add perfume to the mixture and stir well.
o. Add vitamin E to the mixture and stir well.
p. Add glycerine to the mixture and stir well.
q. Stir all the ingredients together to obtain a homogeneous solution.
r. Leave the mixture and allow it to stay from some hours before packaging into squirt bottle, pump bottle for sale.
Black Shampoo Production
a. Black soap- 1 bar
b. Hot water-1 cup
c. Honey-1 tablespoon
d. Essential oil
a. Break the bar soap into crumbles.
b. Drop the crumbs of bar soap into the shampoo bottle.
c. Add hot water to the soap crumbs.
d. Add honey to the soap crumbs.
e. Add some drops of essential oil to the mixture.
f. Shake the mixture properly.
g. Allow the mixture to cool down for some time.
h. Your black soap shampoo is ready for use.
i. Apple Cider Vinegar Shampoo
1. Olive oil-5 tablespoons
2. 1 egg
3. Lemon juice-5 tablespoons
4. Apple Cider Vinegar-5 tablespoons
6. Plastic bottle
a. Pour the olive oil, egg, lemon juice and Apple Cider Vinegar into a blender.
b. Blend the ingredients until a smooth mixture is obtained.
c. After blending, allow to settle for some time.
d. Pour into a plastic bottle.
e. Take some quantity and use it to massage your scalp.
f. Rinse off using lukewarm water.
g. Aloe Vera Hair Shampoo
1. Lemon juice- 2 tablespoons
2. Castle soap-1 tin
3. Aloe Vera gel-2 tablespoons
4. Plastic bottle
a. Pour squeezed lemon juice, castle soap and Aloe Vera into a plastic bottle.
b. Shake to mix the ingredients thoroughly.
c. Allow the mixture to settle for some time.
d. Take some quantity and use it to massage your hair.
e. Rinse your hair with clean water.
a. Specify the ingredients used for producing the shampoo.
b. State the name of the product.
c. State the address of the manufacturer.
d. Explain how to use the shampoo
e. List the batch number of the shampoo.
f. List the manufacturing date if the shampoo.
g. List the expiry date of the shampoo.
h. State the NAFDAC number of the product.
i. Package into plastic bottles, squint bottles and pump bottles for sale.
a. Can be marketed directly to wholesalers and retailers.
b. Can be marketed directly to hairdressing saloons.
c. Can be marketed online using the producer’s website.
d. Can be marketed on social media.
In this post, you have learnt the easy steps to produce the different types if shampoo. Producing shampoo is easy and you can make income from it daily, weekly and monthly. The required start up capital is not much.
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