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10 Problems Challenges Facing INEC in Nigeria

10 Problems Challenges Facing INEC in Nigeria – Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) of Nigeria, the election umpire of Nigeria, has so many challenges facing it. Some of these problems are:Information Guide Nigeria

  • Growing population
  • COVID-19 pandemic
  • Electoral acts
  • Wicked Nigerians
  • Logistics
  • Conducting transparent elections
  • Vote buying
  • Poor funding
  • Multi-party system
  • Coming up to international standards

Read Also: 10 Functions of INEC in Nigeria

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Problems Facing INEC

The problems facing INEC include:Problems Challenges Facing INEC

  1. Growing Population

The population of Nigeria grows every day. More people are advancing in age, those who were not up to eighteen of age as at last election have grown to become up to or more than eighteen years. INEC has to include these people in the recent register of voters.

As people form new settlements, INEC has to locate them wherever they are to make sure that they are not disenfranchised. This is a problem for INEC. Locating them may not be easy for INEC officials.

On the other hand, some people in INEC’s register must have died. INEC has to update its register to make sure that these people are removed from the register of voters.

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  1. COVID-19 Pandemic

The wind of the COVID-19 pandemic is still blowing. It is a great challenge for INEC to conduct elections amid the pandemic. The voters as well as INEC officials need protection. Taking few people in at a time means that INEC has to spend much time in the elections.

  1. Electoral Acts

Though INEC is independent, it operates according to guidelines stipulated in the Nigerian constitution. The House of Assembly also enacts laws that can hinder INEC in its operations.

For instance, the issue of electronic voting had been on for some time now. INEC cannot fully implement electronic voting in the country unless permitted by an electoral act. This is a challenge to INEC because it has to wait for approval before it can do whatever it wants to do. It has no power to do as it wishes.Npower Recruitment

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  1. Wicked Nigerians

Wicked Nigerians are problems to INEC. These Nigerians are against the success of INEC. Some of them will not adhere to INEC’s guidelines. When INEC says that no under-aged should register and vote, they register and try to vote. INEC finds it difficult to spot them.

There are those wicked Nigerians who would like to set INEC’s office ablaze so that vital records can be lost. These are problematic people to INEC. INEC does not know how to go about them.How to change Date of Birth on NIN

Wicked Nigerians whose food is violence will like to snatch INEC’s ballot boxes. They do not mind killing INEC officials. They are happy when elections do not hold. INEC has suffered several attacks in the past. These wicked Nigerians are INEC’s problem.

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  1. Logistics

INEC finds it difficult to move people and materials to different destinations. Some terrains are difficult to navigate. These places pose challenges to INEC.JAMB Form

Places in the riverine areas are not easy to reach. INEC may have to employ those who can swim for those places, as those who cannot swim will be afraid to go there.

  1. Conducting Transparent Elections

Well-meaning Nigerians would like INEC to conduct transparent elections. Such transparency is a problem for INEC.JAMB Result

In every twelve, there is bound to be one Judas Iscariot. Some corrupt officials in INEC will like to change election figures. They muddle things up, deceiving the people. These people are problems for INEC in conducting transparent elections.

  1. Vote Buying

Nigeria is yet to overcome money politics. Some politicians still buy votes. This is a problem for INEC.

Vote buying makes election results not to be the true representation of the right people. It makes the wrong person win. To INEC, the winner is the right person but ideally, he is not. This is a challenge that INEC must try to overcome.

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  1. Poor Funding

Poor funding is a problem for INEC. INEC needs money for almost everything. To move people and materials to different locations, INEC needs money.

The cost of production is high. For INEC to do an effective job, it needs many hands. These people must be well paid. Otherwise, they would mess things up. Therefore, poor funding is a problem for INEC.

Similar to poor funding is the prompt release of the funds. Too many protocols will make INEC not get the funds it needs in time. Such a thing has made INEC postpone some elections in the past. The readiness of INEC sometimes depends upon the prompt release of funds to it.

  1. Multi-party System

The multi-party system that our constitution supports is now a problem for INEC. Everybody wants to form a political party. In the last election, INEC found it difficult to fix all the parties on one ballot paper.

The multi-party system is now a waste of money to INEC. The money that it would have used for other meaningful things is now used in overseeing the activities of parties that have nothing to offer. Much money is used to print materials that would include these parties.Code for Checking NIN Number on MTN, Airtel, Glo, 9mobile

The multi-party system is now a waste of time to INEC. INEC wastes time attending so many parties. Some of which are mere distractions to INEC. In the last election, a party had only three votes. What a waste of time to INEC!

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10. Coming up to International Standards

Undoubtedly, Nigeria is the giant of Africa. The whole world sees Nigeria as the pacesetter in the African continent. Therefore, it behoves Nigeria to come up to international standards.

Whenever there are elections in Nigeria, the whole world wants to witness them.  Many people are eager to see how things are being done. They frown at what Nigeria does if they find any flaw.

Therefore, INEC must try its best to bring the electoral system of Nigeria to international standards. However, it is not easy for INEC. Bringing the Nigerian electoral system to international standards involves so many things.WAEC Result

Firstly, INEC will have to travel far and wide collecting data and analysing them to see how things are done in other countries. A comparative study will give INEC insight into what is obtainable all over the world. Thus, it will discover where Nigeria is not getting it right.

Secondly, INEC must be ready to spend money on whatever it needs in coming up to the required standards. It will need to train and retrain its officials. It has to buy all the technological gadgets it needs to come up to international standards. You can then see that this poses a great challenge to INEC.


In conclusion, may the Almighty God help the INEC chair and his supporters. It is not easy. Without them doing the right thing, the Nigerian electoral system cannot be dependable. Nigeria needs an electoral system that the whole world cannot falter.

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Isaiah Atawheke

Isaiah is a Content Developer at InfoGuideNIgeria.com. InfoGuide Nigeria is a team of Resource Persons and Consultants led by Ifiokobong Ibanga. Page maintained by Ifiokobong Ibanga. If you need a personal assistance on this topic, kindly contact us.

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