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10 Economic Factors Affecting Business in Nigeria

Economic Factors Affecting Business in Nigeria- Economic factors usually have an impact on the impact of economy and by extension, it affects other smaller units which include but is not limited to policies, government activities, tax rates, wages, laws policies, etc. the failure of these units often leads to the failure of any business in the long run.

Any activity engaged in the production and sale of products and services for profit is referred to as a business. The relationship between the company organization and the community (or nation, as it were) in which it is located can be referred to as the business environment. The business environment is affected by a variety of things. While some of them are special to some particular nations or groups of countries, others are universal, and common to most or even all countries’ local business ecosystems (albeit to varied degrees).

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This article takes a quick look at 10 economic factors impacting the business climate in Nigeria. However, while some of these factors are particular to Nigeria, others are similar to many other nations.

Read Also: 10 Factors Affecting Migration in Nigeria

The Effects of Economic Factors on Business

  1. The Economic Element

The status of the Nigerian economy, like that of any other nation, directly affects the business climate. Inflation, unemployment, labor costs (which are surprisingly low in Nigeria due to the country’s persistent unemployment issues), taxes, cost of materials (depending on the materials and whether or not they are easily accessible in the nation), demand, competition, etc. are examples of macro- and microeconomic issues.Information Guide Nigeria

  1. Obtaining Money

Obtaining financial assistance (in the form of loans) to launch a new business venture or grow an already established one in Nigeria these days is highly challenging. Commercial banks, who should be assisting in this area, have very strict guidelines (which few entrepreneurs manage to meet). Nigeria has one of the highest interest rates in the world (between 15% and 20%), especially when compared to nations like the US (less than 3%), which further complicates the situation. Therefore, company owners who want to launch or grow their companies may have to look elsewhere for funding or maybe give up the concept completely because banks, which should be the major source, do not provide simple access to it.

Read Also: 10 Factors Affecting Labour Force

  1. TheElement of Law

Enterprises are impacted by the government in numerous ways, including regulation of how the firm does business; how it discloses information about its existence and performance; how it treats its employees; and other factors.

In order to do business in Nigeria, organizations currently located here must do so within the bounds of Nigerian legislation, and prospective entrepreneurs must carefully take this into account.

  1. The Issue of Unemployment

The businessman must accept the fact that the majority of his potential market actually don’t have enough money to buy his products in a nation where the majority of people who are old enough to work are either completely or structurally unemployed, eliminating a sizable portion of people who otherwise should’ve made up part of the target market for various goods and services.

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With the obvious exception of products or services that are necessities rather than pleasures. Given that everyone would have to pay almost any price for the company’s goods or services, this doesn’t provide the company with too many problems in this situation. Romantic Love Messages

  1. Morals/Ethics

The moral standards of the Nigerian people, like in all other nations, have an indirect or direct impact on the regional economic climate, either favorably or unfavorably.

For instance, it is extremely typical for bigger organizations or even government firms to award contracts based not on merit but rather on whether or whether the official(s) in charge of approving the contracts is (are) bribed. In this situation, the businessman who is ignorant of this may wind up squandering his time and money even though he is properly competent to obtain the contract.

Read Also: 10 Factors Responsible for High Cost of Food Items in Nigeria and Solutions

  1. Infrastructure and Social Services that are Accessible

Many fundamental facilities that need to be easily available in Nigeria are either entirely lacking or just partially present. These infrastructures are necessary not only for the country’s corporate activities but also for all other purposes. The consequences of this infrastructure’s lack affect Nigerian society as a whole, not simply business. However, it has had a particularly negative impact on business since it has made starting and maintaining a firm in Nigeria extremely expensive. Additionally, it significantly slows down the development and expansion of enterprises, making it exceedingly challenging for new firms to get off the ground and for current businesses to persist for an extended period of time. Two of the most important amenities are not easily available: a decent network of good roads and a well-planned and maintained transportation system. Without electricity/power supply, it is nearly impossible to do anything in this “jet” age. Good Morning Love Message

  1. Interest Rates:

Interest rates have an impact on how much it costs firms to borrow money, which has an impact on decisions about expansion and investment. While lower interest rates stimulate borrowing and spending, higher interest rates can make borrowing more expensive and limit economic growth.

  1. Inflation:

Over time, the prices of products and services often grow. This decreases buying power and has an impact on the price of raw materials, manufacturing, and labor. While low inflation can promote investment and growth, high inflation can result in lower consumer spending and corporate profitability.

Read Also: 10 Factors Necessary For Business Success In Nigeria

  1. Exchange Rates:

Exchange rates define how much a currency is worth in relation to other currencies, having an impact on the price of imported products, foreign investments, and global commerce. The competitiveness and profitability of a corporation can be impacted by significant changes in exchange rates. NYSC Portal

  1. Economic Growth:

Consumer spending and the demand for products and services are both impacted by economic growth, which measures the total expansion or contraction of an economy. While slow development can result in lower demand and lower earnings, strong economic growth fosters an atmosphere that is good for business.JAMB Portal

Read Also: Factors Affecting Library Development in Nigeria


In conclusion, a variety of economic factors, such as interest rates, inflation, currency rates, and economic growth, have a significant influence on Nigeria’s economy. These elements are essential in influencing the business climate as well as the performance and profitability of the nation’s firms. To remain competitive and successful in the Nigerian market, it is critical for firms to keep an eye on these elements and adjust as they change.


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Native Udo

Native Udo is a Content Developer at InfoGuideNIgeria.com. InfoGuide Nigeria is a team of Resource Persons and Consultants led by Ifiokobong Ibanga. Page maintained by Ifiokobong Ibanga. If you need a personal assistance on this topic, kindly contact us.

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