How To Register And Run A Private Security Company In Nigeria

Security is an important part of our lives, owing to this, protection of lives and properties is an integral responsibility of any government.

However it is no longer news that there have been continuous threats to the security of lives and properties of Nigeria.

The insurgence of Boko Haram, to the terrors of Fulani herdsmen, the dreadful acts of armed robbers and assassins, all we have witnessed.

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How To Register And Run A Private Security Company In Nigeria
Security Company In Nigeria – Photo Source:

Today, individuals and corporate organizations alike require the services of private security personnel to enhance the general security provided by the Nigeria Police, Department of State Security or the Nigerian Security (DSS) and Civil Defence Corps (NSCDC).

By definition, security encapsulates the measures that are taken to protect a place or to ensure that only the people with permission enter it or leave it.

That definition is given by Collins Dictionary, therefore private security companies are incorporated organizations not owned by the government that are charged with the responsibility of providing security and protection to their clients.

The private securities companies, provides a more direct security in that they are responsible majorly to their clients. These clients could be individuals or institutions.

This article examines the requirements for the registration and grant of licence to a private security company in Nigeria, how to run the company smoothly, the regulations by the Nigerian Security and Civil Defence Corps(NSCDC) and  the National Association of Security Companies(NASCO), and  an overview of  top security agencies in Nigeria.

The Nigerian Security and Civil Defence Corps (NSCDC) is responsible for the licencing, monitoring and the supervision of private guards companies in Nigeria.

There is a department of Private Guards Companies popularly known as the PGC and it is directly responsible for the affairs of Private Guards Companies.

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It should be noted that until a licence is granted by the NSDC, the company cannot begin security operations. The requirements for the licence have been published on the NSDC website and they are as follows;

  1. Application for private guard license addressed to the Commandant General
  2. CTC of memorandum and Article of association (2 copies)
  3. Photocopies of certificates of incorporation (2copies)
  4. Payment of Five hundred thousand naira (500,000.00) only.
  5. Tax Clearance Certificate
  6. Statement of account
  7. Letter from a legal adviser
  8. Letter from an auditor
  9. Proposed training program
  10. Proposed salary structure
  11. Veterinary certificate (optional)
  12. Personal History Statement (PHS) forms at One hundred thousand naira (100,000.00) only.
  13. Credentials of directors (2copies) to be attached with PHS form
  14. Letter from bankers
  15. Eight (8) passport photographs for each of the Directors.
  16. Eight (8) full photographs (postcard 5 X 7 inches) of each of the Directors with a white background, with five fingers print and signature signed at the back of the postcard (photograph) in the presence of Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps Officers.
  17. Photocopy of the signature page of the Directors in the International passport or National ID Card or Driver’s License and this should be stapled at the back cover of the file jacket.
  18. PHS form must be adequately filled by the Directors stating Nil or Not Applicable to portions they do not have answers to and no column should be left unfiled.
  19. Attestation letters from referees for each Directors.
  20. One uniform sample with photograph of a guard in Uniform (2 copies).

It should be noted in respect of the 20th requirement that the proposed uniform of the private security company must be unique and original in design and thus must not bear any resemblance to any uniform of the armed forces or any existing security company.

It is advisable for private security companies who want to obtain licence to do rigorous research about the existing private security companies in respect of their outfits.

It should ne note that before any licence can be granted by the NSCDC, the company must first be registered by the Corporate Affairs Commission, thus the proposed company must comply with the requirements for the registration of a private company under the Companies and Allied Matters Act.

Read Also: 10 Problems of National Security in Nigeria and Possible Solutions

The registration of a company is governed by the provisions of section 34 of the Companies and Allied Matters Act, that section provides that the proposed company shall submit the following documents to the commission;

a. memorandum of association and articles of association

b. the notice of address of the registered office of the company, if the head office is different from the registered office, the address of the head office

c. the statement containing the list, the particulars and consent of persons who are to be the first directors of the company,

d. the statement of authorized share capital signed by at least one director

e. any other document that may be required by the Commission.

Once all the requirements of the commission are met, the company may be registered. It should be remembered that the certificate of incorporation is one of the requirements necessary for the grant of licence by the NSCDC. In section 36 of the Companies and Allied Matters Act, the effect of registration is expressly stated thus;

As from the date of incorporation mentioned in the certificate of incorporation, the subscriber of the memorandum together with such other persons as ma, from time to time, become members of the company, shall be a body corporate by the name contained in the memorandum, capable forthwith of exercising all the powers and functions of an incorporated company including the power to hold land, and having perpetual succession and a common seal, but with such liability on the part of the members to contribute to the assets of the company in the event of being wound up as is mentioned in the act.

The process of registering and obtaining a licence for a private security company has been examined, but beyond the registration and licence which are compulsory formalities, there are some other factors which should be considered to facilitate the smooth running and the success of the registered private security company.


The quality of security that a security company offers will depend largely on the technical knowledge and efficiency of the security personnel, there are no special schools or training institute where this is done, however, the company can arrange rigorous and specialized training for its security operatives.

Usually the trainings are usually done by the Nigeria Police or the Nigerian Security and Civil Defence Corps. Companies who want to excel in the security business must also ensure that the training is done from time to time to keep their operatives abreast of developments.

It is also important to employ operatives who are fit in the body and mind this is because the operatives are the only products the security company has to offer and it will go a long way in determining the success of the company.

Read Also: 10 Causes of Insecurity In Nigeria And Solutions

Outfit and Branding

If you want to be successful in any business, the manner in which you present yourself to the public is important. This starts from the name, the name should be short  relate especially to efficient security, one of the top security company in Nigeria is the King’s Guards, the name is not only short, it also depicts a royal high class security. People who want to go into private security business should also think of names that can sell them to the public.

It is also important to check for names that are already registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission and the Nigerian Security and Civil Defence Corps.

Names that are already registered will no longer be available for registration. Also important is the logo, colour and uniform of the company, the must appeal to the public.

Besides the whole outfit and branding, it is necessary for the security company to provide its employees with necessary and up to date equipment to facilitate their work.

They should also be able to provide electronic safety, special events security, risk management, digital display system, vehicle tracking, CCTV Surveillance, VIP security and escorts and guard dogs. The swift response of security companies will go a long way in boosting their reliability.

Reliability and Integrity

Security is a very sensitive matter as it involves lives and property, a security company that will be successful must be reliable, and this can only be built through years of efficient operation and client’s satisfaction.

It is therefore necessary to put enough resources and efforts into building a company that will meet the security needs of the people. Once this is put in place it will be easy to market the company and get more customers.


Business thrives on the ability to convince people to buy its products or use its services, security business is no exception.

A security must develop a marketing strategy to sell itself to Nigerians; it can be through TV, radio, advertisements, bill boards, fliers or social media platforms.


The security company needs an office and it is advisable that the office is located where the members of the public can easily access them, it is also important to have branches in major cities and towns in Nigeria.

Due to the advancement in information technology, it necessary for security companies to run a well-designed and organized website to provide a global access to everyone. Strong social media presence is also recommended.

Read Also: 10 Ways to Improve Security in Nigeria

Good Remuneration and Welfare Packages

To get the best out of security personnel, security companies must be able to give them enough and valuable remuneration with some other incentives; this will boost their morale and commitment to the work.

Private security business has a lot of prospects, it is also an attempt to boost the efforts of our security agencies in Nigeria.

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Oluwafemi Adeosun

Oluwafemi Adeosun is a Legal Practitioner and a Content Developer at InfoGuide Nigeria is a team of Resource Persons and Consultants led by Ifiokobong Ibanga. Page maintained by Ifiokobong Ibanga. If you need a personal assistance on this topic, kindly contact us.

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