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Job Description

Medical Laboratory Science Job Description, Roles/Responsibilities and Qualifications

Medical Laboratory Science job description: In this article, you will see the job description, roles/responsibilities, and qualifications. If you wish to work in this field, use this job description to help you attract and hire the best applicants.

Medical Laboratory Science, often known as Medical Technology, is a health profession that provides laboratory information and services for disease diagnosis and treatment. Medical Laboratory Scientists execute a wide range of laboratory tests, assure the quality of the results, explain the significance of laboratory tests, assess novel procedures, and research the effectiveness of laboratory testing. Medical laboratory science (MLS) is crucial in health care.

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High-tech equipment is used by MLS specialists to analyze patients’ blood, body fluids, tissue, and cells. Their tests are used to diagnose significant medical problems such as cancer, diabetes, heart disease, and many more. Their work and scientific knowledge assist physicians in determining the best course of action. Npower Recruitment

Examine blood smears for illness detection. Cross-matches must be performed to ensure safe blood transfusions. Identify the bacterial pathogens that cause infections. Through the study of blood, tissues, and body fluids, you have a direct impact on patient care as a Medical Laboratory Scientist. Because laboratory results account for roughly 70% of a physician’s diagnosis, you become a crucial member of the healthcare team.Medical Laboratory Science Job Description

Medical Laboratory Science Job Description, Roles/Responsibilities and Qualifications

A medical laboratory scientist can be thought of as a highly-skilled “disease detective” whose medical diagnostic testing skills are extremely important in the world of healthcare.

Medical laboratory scientists are typically in charge of performing a variety of tests on patient samples (blood, various body fluids, cells and tissues, and so on) to detect the presence or absence of health conditions. Their work is considered critical to disease detection, diagnosis, and treatment.20 Best Android Tablets and their Prices in Nigeria

Medical laboratory scientists are largely responsible for assessing patient samples such as blood, bodily fluids, and excretions by running tests on these samples using various equipment, interpreting test results, and writing reports on the samples for clinicians. They should be conversant with the laboratory’s various equipment and tools.

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Responsibilities of Medical Laboratory Scientists

Medical laboratory specialists play an important role in a variety of laboratory settings, using cutting-edge biomedical instrumentation and technology to fulfill job activities such as:

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  1. Investigating and studying the bodily fluids, tissues, and cells in the body
  2. Identifying microbes that have the potential to cause harm
  3. Performing a chemical analysis of the constituent substances of bodily fluids
  4. The analysis of medication concentrations in the blood as a method for determining the success of various treatments
  5. determining the reliability of the test results
  6. Providing medical professionals with assistance in interpreting test results
  7. Clinical instrumentation management including operation, maintenance, and repair
  8. Employing sophisticated computer systems for the data entry, retrieval, and evaluation processes
  9. Maintaining a high level of quality control throughout the laboratory
  10. Monitoring the stock of items
  11. Instruction of students and healthcare professionals in the appropriate procedures for laboratories.20 Best Android Tablets and their Prices in Nigeria
  12. Medical laboratory scientists perform laboratory tests on blood and body fluids using sophisticated biomedical instrumentation and technology, computers, and methods requiring manual skill.JAMB Form
  13. Clinical chemistry, hematology, immunology, immunohematology, microbiology, and molecular biology are all areas of laboratory testing.
  14. MLS specialists create accurate laboratory data that can be used to diagnose cancer, heart attacks, diabetes, infectious mononucleosis, and the detection of germs or viruses that cause infections, as well as drugs of misuse.
  15. Medical lab scientists also check the quality of testing and communicate with other members of the healthcare team. Medical Laboratory Science
  16. As needed, performs routine and/or specialized testing and procedures under supervision.
  17. Under different degrees of supervision, performs a range of duties at progressively higher skill levels and records results. May be required to operate a range of laboratory instruments.
  18. Maintains associated records and performs quality control and instrument inspection procedures.
  19. Inoculates, cultivates, classifies, and identifies microorganisms discovered in bodily fluids, exudates, skin scrapings, autopsy, and surgical specimens to provide information about the cause, treatment, and prevention of infectious diseases.
  20. Donor and receiver blood may be grouped or typed. It is possible to determine the compatibility of donor blood products with the intended recipient.
  21. Chemical and/or immunological tests may be performed to identify and/or quantify compounds detected in blood and other bodily fluids.

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Roles of Medical Laboratory Scientists

  • Utilizing a microscope or an automatic analyzer, conduct an examination of bodily fluids or tissues to identify any anomalies or disorders.
  • Blood tests and body count checks need to be carried out.
  • Investigate the cells and cultured organisms for any abnormalities.
  • Install, calibrate, maintain, clean, and perform sterility testing on medical laboratory equipment.
  • Examine the findings of the tests.
  • Record test data
  • When aberrant cells are discovered, you should consult with a pathologist.
  • To be used in conjunction with the samples, standard solutions or reagents should be prepared.
  • Examine samples of food and drink to look for signs of contamination and to verify their quality.
  • Analyses of environmental samples to identify contaminant sources
  • Counts blood and other body fluid cells defines their morphology, and conducts specific investigations on them. Coagulation testing is done.
  • Prepares and keeps reagents, various solutions, and stains by conventional formulas.
  • Trains other personnel on day-to-day operations.
  • On laboratory-related issues, may confer with medical personnel and other health care specialists.
  • Surveys and compares work units; may participate in research activities; investigates new goods, equipment, processes, methodologies, and introduces, demonstrates, effects, and recommends as appropriate.
  • Data is entered or retrieved from established computer files.
  • Identifies safety concerns, instrument problems, and other chances for process improvement, working with others to solve problems.

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Medical Laboratory Scientist job qualifications/skills

Most will pursue some degree of additional education and training after receiving a high school diploma (or the equivalent) to become a medical laboratory scientist.

The following are common higher education requirements for medical laboratory scientist jobs:

  • A bachelor’s degree in medical technology or clinical laboratory science is required. A bachelor’s degree in a science or health-related discipline (for example, chemistry or microbiology) is also acceptable.
  • Completing a clinical laboratory program or internship as part of their studies or through a hospital-based program
  • Certification as a medical technician (MT), clinical laboratory scientist (CLS), or medical laboratory scientist (MLS) at the national level (MLS)
  • Previous work experience in a medical setting

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Certification and licensing

The majority of businesses require medical laboratory scientists to be certified by an accrediting authority, such as the American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP) Board of Certification (BOC). Medical laboratory scientists (MLS) can practice under the credentials of MLS(ASCP)CM after passing the credentialing exam. State licensure may also be necessary.


  • Thinking critically
  • Investigative abilities
  • Problem-solving abilities
  • Technical equipment maintenance and calibration
  • Time management abilities
  • Outstanding communication abilities
  • Teamwork abilities
  • Patience
  • Paying close attention to detail

Medical Laboratory Scientist Salary structure in USA

How much does a Medical Laboratory Scientist earn in the United States? In the United States, the average medical laboratory scientist pay is $68,094 per year, or $34.92 per hour. Entry-level salaries begin at $54,617 per year, with most experienced individuals earning up to $116,976 per year.

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Types of medical laboratory science

  • Hematology
  • Clinical chemistry
  • Immunology
  • Molecular pathology
  • Cytogenetics
  • Transfusion medicine


We wish you luck in using this information. If you like this article, feel free to drop your comment and share it on your social media platforms such as Facebook, Instagram, and others.WAEC Result

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