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Top 15 Countries with Hydropower Potential in the World

Countries with Hydropower Potential in the World – Hydropower is one of the most important renewable energy sources globally, providing over 16% of the world’s electricity. Some countries possess tremendous hydropower potential due to their geography, climate, and water resources. Identifying and harnessing this potential sustainably can significantly boost clean energy production. This article will discuss the top 15 countries with the greatest hydropower potential and their key features.

The Top 15 Countries for Hydropower Potential in the World Are:

1. China

With a technical hydropower potential of up to 1,800 GW, China possesses the highest hydro capacity in the world. Already the largest producer of hydropower, generating over 1,100 TWh annually, China still has massive untapped resources. The country’s mountainous terrain, especially in the southwestern provinces like Sichuan and Yunnan, provides abundant hydro resources. Major rivers like the Yangtze and Yellow River also offer huge potential for large dam and reservoir projects. With improving technical capabilities and investments, China aims to sustainably develop more of its hydro potential.Top 15 Countries for Hydropower Potential in the World

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2. Brazil

Brazil has the second biggest hydropower potential globally at 852 GW. It currently exploits around 30% of this capacity, mainly in the Amazon basin, producing around 380 TWh of hydroelectricity annually. Brazil plans to expand projects along major rivers like the Amazon, Tocantins and Parana by developing large dams and tributary projects. However, ecological impacts will require careful assessment and mitigation for sustainable growth.

3. Russia

Russia’s estimated hydro potential stands at about 852 GW, similar to Brazil’s capacity. Currently Russia produces around 180 TWh annually from hydropower. Significant potential exists in Siberia and the far east, along major rivers like the Lena, Yenisei and Amur. Improving infrastructure and transmission connectivity to load centers in European Russia remains a key challenge.Romantic love message

4. India

India possesses around 657 GW of technically feasible hydropower potential. Currently the country taps only around 15% of this capacity, generating 140 TWh annually. Significant growth is still possible by harnessing resources in the Himalayan region and major river basins such as the Ganges and Brahmaputra. Sustainability factors and ecological impacts will need to be managed for long-term viability.

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5. Canada

Canada has an estimated 163 GW of hydro capacity, of which around 80% has been developed so far. Major projects continue to be planned for large river systems and watersheds. Key provinces including Quebec, British Columbia, Newfoundland and Labrador have sustained hydro growth. Canada generates around 380 TWh of hydroelectricity annually, making it a global leader in renewable energy.

6. United States

With over 102 GW of undeveloped capacity, the United States has significant scope for growing hydroelectric generation. Currently the U.S. produces around 250 TWh annually from hydropower. Untapped potential exists across many states, particularly in Alaska, California and Washington. Expansion faces challenges like environmental regulations and high capital costs.NYSC Portal

7. DR Congo

The Democratic Republic of Congo possesses immense hydro resources, estimated at over 100 GW potential capacity. Currently only around 3% of this has been harnessed, indicating enormous room for growth. The Congo River system and tributaries could support large projects. However, lack of infrastructure and political instability hamper development.Information guide Nigeria

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8. Ethiopia

Ethiopia has high hydro potential of about 45 GW. Large river basins provide opportunities for major dams and reservoir projects. Currently Ethiopia generates around 12 TWh annually and has plans to significantly boost capacity. The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam on the Nile river will expand production when completed.

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9. Peru

Peru’s hydroelectric potential stands at around 58 GW, of which around 11% has been developed so far. The Andean mountains provide favorable terrain for hydropower growth. Peru currently generates around 55 TWh of hydroelectricity annually and has plans to expand further. This includes megaprojects in the Amazon region.Good morning My Love Message

10. Angola

Angola’s numerous rivers and water resources give it a hydro capacity of 18 GW. Currently only around 30% of this potential has been utilized. Large projects on the Kwanza river and in southwest Angola could expand capacity substantially. Improving transmission infrastructure is needed to deliver electricity across the country.

11. Venezuela

Venezuela has hydro potential estimated at over 18 GW. The Caroni and Orinoco rivers and their tributaries provide major growth opportunities. Currently the country generates around 15 TWh from hydropower annually. Sustained investments and infrastructure development are needed to boost utilization.JAMB portal

12. Tajikistan

Tajikistan’s mountainous geography provides an estimated 16 GW of hydro capacity. With abundant glacial water resources, Tajikistan taps around 5% of its potential currently. The Vakhsh river offers prospects for large dams and reservoirs. Regional energy connectivity via Central Asia could spur greater hydro development.

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13. Norway

Norway generates almost all its electricity from hydropower, with an installed capacity of 31 GW providing 140 TWh annually. The mountainous terrain and high rainfall enable a well-developed hydro sector. Norway is now looking to expand pumped-storage and modernize projects to increase capacity, efficiency and storage.

14. Turkey

Turkey possesses about 16 GW of hydroelectric potential in rivers such as the Tigris and Euphrates. Currently Turkey utilizes around 40% of this capacity, generating roughly 60 TWh annually. Planned dam projects on the Tigris could add significantly to production if sustainability factors are adequately addressed.

15. Chile

Chile’s geography and climate enable a hydro potential of around 18 GW. The Andes mountains and Patagonian region provide abundant resources, with Chile already generating around 22 TWh annually from hydropower. Plans exist to build more large hydro projects and dams to enable greater utilization of the potential.

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Harnessing hydropower in a sustainable manner is crucial for clean energy transitions globally. As seen above, some countries are extremely well-positioned for hydro development due to natural attributes like mountainous terrains, large rivers and high rainfall. With careful planning, impact assessments and technological improvements, the vast untapped hydropower potentials can be leveraged for national growth and reduced carbon emissions. However, sustainability and local ecological impacts must remain top priorities. Hydropower can significantly enable the world’s renewable energy future if expansion is balanced with environmental stewardship.


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