Production & Manufacturing

Salt Industry in Nigeria – Analysis, Breakdown, Facts, Opportunities And Profitability

We are going to bring to you all the vital information about the salt industry in Nigeria – analysis, breakdown, facts, opportunities And profitability.

Salt is one of the essential ingredient when it comes to the seasoning of food as it enhances the taste of the food. The absence of salt in a dish makes the food tasteless and as such the importance of salt in life generally cannot be ignored as it is the center of the human tastes and also holds great significance in religious, cultural and traditional matters.

Analysis of Salt Industry In Nigeria

Read Also: Process Of Making Salt From Seawater

Salt Industry in Nigeria - Analysis, Breakdown, Facts, Opportunities And  Profitability
Salt Industry in Nigeria – Photo Source:

Salt is a common commodity in Nigeria as all citizens are acquainted with its uses and importance and most especially the role it plays in cooking and preservation of food.

Salt is found in large deposits in Ebonyi state, Abia, Benue, Anambra, Katsina, Akwa Ibom, Cross River, Sokoto and Imo state.

Salt that has gone through the process of refinement in order to eliminate any impurities so as for it to be good for consumption and also suitable in the seasoning and preservation of food is the best form of salt.

Salt has to be rigorously processed before it can be made available to the public and the salt industry makes this possible.

Read Also: Where To Buy Sea Salt In Nigeria

Vast quantities of salt is present in seawater where it is the main mineral constituent. It is processed from salt mines and by the evaporation of seawater and mineral-rich spring water in shallow pools either naturally or by brine.

Salt is used in many industrial processes including the manufacture of polyvinyl chloride, plastics, paper pulp and many other products. Its major industrial products are caustic soda and chlorine.

Salt is present in many processed foods and it is also used in many cuisines around the world. It is often found in salt shakers and diners’ eating tables for personal use on food. It should also be noted that salt also has health benefits even if it is not like rock salt that contains most of the trace elements needed by the body.

It helps to control the balance of fluid in the body and also aids in balancing the blood sugar level. Salt stabilizes irregularities in the beating of the heart but as much it has these health benefits, intake should be greatly controlled as too much consumption of salt causes water retention in the body and mostly cardiovascular diseases and hypertension both in children and adults.

There was never a time when salt’s importance was not utilized as it was used as a medium of exchange in the past. Also, the scarcity and the universal need for salt led nations to go to war over it to raise tax revenue and that shows how important salt really is then and now.

Read Also: How Much Is A Bag Of Salt In Nigeria 2019

Salt has many uses such as for cooking which is generally known to all. It is used in household cleaning and sometimes it is used in washing to remove stains.

It is used in the production of bleach, soaps, detergents and dye. It is also used by industrial companies in the production of polyester, plastic, rubber, fertilizers and paper.

Salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl) and it is a chemical compound belonging to the larger class salts. It occurs naturally in foodstuffs such as vegetables, meats and fruits and it is present in very small quantities.

In Nigeria, the demand for salt is very high due to its essential properties. There is no household in Nigeria in which salt cannot be found because of its affordability and its availability in meeting the basic need of the people in terms of cooking and any other important purpose.

The salt industry in Nigeria is very likely to make a profit as the raw material is available in the country putting Nigeria among the salt producing nation.

Due to the availability of salt in its unrefined form in places earlier mentioned in the article and in which salt industries can easily gain access to in other to produce salt needed by the populace.

The daily demand by salt suppliers and traders as in a request to the people’s demand would bring about huge profitability as well as employment to the labour force and this can help greatly in boosting the economy of the country and adding to the country’s development.

Read Also: Where to Buy Rock Salt in Nigeria

Breakdown of Salt Industry In Nigeria

The salt industry performs the functions of processing and manufacturing of salt. Salt is obtained majorly from seawater and when processed it becomes dry and edible for consumption as most of the impurities present would have been eliminated.

The methods of processing salt include solar method, rock salt mining method and evaporation method. Salt can be processed either through evaporation, solar or rock salt mining depending on whichever method applied salt is derived when the methods listed above is carried out.

The salt industry is not focused on salt production alone as for overall effective functionality the other sections of the industry put their quota to ensure quality, availability, distribution and affordability of the product.

Facts about Salt Industry In Nigeria

Salt which has unique properties is one of Nigeria mineral resources as the country is richly blessed and as such it contributes immensely to the economy of the country through exportation.

Salt doesn’t only enhance the flavor of food but it is used for the religious, traditional and cultural purpose and also for the preservation of food.

With a population of over two hundred million people (200,000,000) salt is a basic commodity which is needed by all and the salt industry in the country is aware of this fact and as such, they strive to increase the production of salt to meet the populace at large.

Read Also: Top Locations Where Salt Is Found In Nigeria

Opportunities in Salt Industry In Nigeria

Salt production is a lucrative venture and with many industries producing their own salt in terms of quality and affordability, it opens an avenue for people looking to go into the business to produce their own or trade in the business as the demand for salt is not a long term basis but more of a very short term basis like a week or a month depending on how the salt is been used.

Salt industry provides employment opportunities as more hands is needed when it comes to processing and production.

Profitability of Salt Industry In Nigeria

The high rate of demand for salt brings about profitability in the sales of the product as more is bought than less.

Read Also: Steps To Set Up Salt Refinery In Nigeria


Salt is a basic commodity needed by every household and as such it should be readily available, affordable and of high quality.


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Cynthia Victor

Cynthia Victor is a Content Developer at InfoGuide Nigeria is a team of Resource Persons and Consultants led by Ifiokobong Ibanga. Page maintained by Ifiokobong Ibanga. If you need a personal assistance on this topic, kindly contact us.

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