Cultism in Nigeria; Causes, Effects, Solutions

Cultism in Nigeria

Cultism is simply the practice of a cult. A cult is a group of people, who have a particular belief and religious philosophical and/or cultural identity and in most cases, it is viewed as a sect, and can be a secret, and mostly exists on society’s margin or sometimes exploitative towards its members.

Cultism (a k a) Secret Cult a kind of an organization, where people come together and promise, as well as, pledge their allegiances, it is often under an oath which must have a social bond of commitment on the part of members, as well as dedication towards the good of the organization.

Read Also: Punishments For Cultism In Nigeria Under Nigerian Law

Cultism in Nigeria; Causes, Effects, Solutions
Cultism in Nigeria – Photo Source:

They usually meet when people are not aware, for example, during the odd hours, such as midnight, and it always far away from residence, sometimes in the bush. The members are normally keeping their activities secret from those who are not members.

Cultism nowadays is rampant in Nigerian schools, and by extension, schools all over the world, especially in the institutions of higher learning. Unfortunately, too, cultism has been extended to secondary schools and primary schools as well.

Read Also: 10 Effects Of Cultism On Nigerian Youths

What Are The Causes Of Cultism

Cultism, however, is caused by various reasons and some of which, are discussed below:

1. Quest For Power/Social Identity

One of the main causes of cultism in Nigeria is simply the quest to earn power and also social identity among other members of the society, as well as other of their colleagues in school.

2. Poor Parenting

Parenthood today has suffered, what l may call a bridge of communication and intimacy and this break in communication has led so many children cultism.

3. Peer Pressure

Pressure from other colleagues has helped in making responsible and decent individuals to do some funny things, that is why peer pressure remained one of

Causes of Cultism

1. Revenge

Persons who happened to be victims of harassment, and Assaults, and rape, and bullying, and child abuse as well as, painful past do seek revenge via cultism.

2. Use Of Cultists In Politics

Politicians in Nigeria who are fond of using cultists as thugs in the political campaigns and also in elections are the persons who encouraged cultism.

Read Also: 10 Causes of Cultism In Nigeria

3. Emotional Instability

Emotionally, someone can be unstable, it is a physiological response to some situations and this lure people into cultism when facing emotional challenges like depression, and melancholy, and loneliness, etc.

4. Drug Abuse

Drug abuse on young people is one reason that makes them threw away their own conscience to the wind. Because they constantly crave for drugs, they will connect with addicts, who likely lure them into cultism.

5. Loneliness

Like depression, which finds solace in adventures, loneliness also helps in keeping company with friends. Hence, friendship influence each other can also help in easing interaction with cult members.

6. Poverty

Poverty has placed a greater role in cultism, that is why many are being lured into different vices because of financial hardship, and cultism is one of the vices.

7. Wealth

Many youths have seen a reason to belong to the cultism group in order to earn recognition, wealth and being dreaded.

8. Search for Protection

In cultism, it is said that members are their brother’s keeper, that is why people are in cult to search for protection from harm, harassment, and intimidation.

9. Low Self-Esteem

The longing to express oneself usually  lead many, who are with low self-esteem to join cult group as as to feel important. Cultism offers a fertile ground for such.

Read Also: Unemployment in Nigeria – Causes, Effects, Solutions

The Effects of Cultism

Below are some of the effects of cultism in Nigeria:

1. Death

The rate of death recorded these days involving young people is quite alarming, and all is because of cultism.

2. Increase In Student Dropout

The high increase in students’ dropout has actually encouraged cultism practices.

3. Thuggery

Thuggery is a product of cultism, and politicians and government officials and religious leaders often recruit young people for thuggery.

4. Theft and Robbery

Theft as well as, robbery is another product of cultism because they go out as a group and involved in notorious activities.

Solution to Cultism

Cultism can be discouraged or stop through the following ways:

1. Campaign Against Cultism

The government, and schools, and religious gatherings, and parents, as well as, non-governmental organization NGOs should organize workshops, and lectures, and talks, and seminars and also campaigns against cultism.

2. Discipline

Charity begins at home,” it is said. Parents at home should endeavour to enforce discipline in their children for good morals.

3. Government Standard

The government should make a law to punishment anybody involving in cultism. Politicians should discourage youths from political thuggery.

Read Also: 11 Effects Of Unemployment In Nigeria


Parents should enforce discipline in their children so that they can become responsible citizens.

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Joseph Athanasius

Joseph Athanasius is a Content Developer at InfoGuide Nigeria is a team of Resource Persons and Consultants led by Ifiokobong Ibanga. Page maintained by Ifiokobong Ibanga. If you need a personal assistance on this topic, kindly contact us.

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