What is the offside rule? Football’s crucial and confusing law explained
Here is the explanation according to thefa.com official site.
Practical advice: offside position/offside offence
If an offside offence occurs, the referee awards an indirect free kick where the offence occurred, including if it is in the player’s own half of the field of play.
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Play is NOT restarted from the offside position (which is determined at the moment the ball is played or touched by a team-mate). Information Guide Nigeria
A player in an offside position is only penalised for becoming involved in active play.
Depending on the situation, the free kick will be taken from the place where the player:
➡ plays or touches a ball passed or touched by a team-mate
➡ clearly obstructs the opponent’s line of vision and thus prevents the opponent from playing (or being able to play) the ball
➡ challenges an opponent for the ball, clearly attempts to play the ball or makes an obvious action which clearly impacts on the opponent (e.g. jumps for a header)
➡ plays the ball or interferes with an opponent when the ball has rebounded off the goalpost, crossbar, match official or an opponent, or has been deliberately saved by any opponent
In general, all free kicks are taken from the place where the offence occurred. The referee must be also aware of the provisions in Law 13.2. If the offside offence occurred within the opponents’ goal area, the free kick may be taken by a defending team anywhere in that area.
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A defender (Team A) starts an attack and tries to make a long pass to an attacker (Team A) who is standing in an offside position in the opponents’ half. After that, the attacker moves back into Team A’s half and plays the ball.
The indirect free kick will be taken by Team B from the place where the attacker interfered with play (played the ball).
An attacker is in an offside position at the moment when a team-mate takes a shot on the goal. The ball rebounds off the crossbar and goes to the attacker who plays the ball in the opponents’ goal area and scores a goal. JAMB Result