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How To Start Beans Farming In Nigeria

Beans are legume and the third most consumed staple food in Nigeria right after Rice and Garri. This is a pointer to the relatively high and constant demand for beans as it is one of the most consistent, affordable and readily available source of protein.

Beans can be boiled till tender and eaten as pottage, it can be washed and blended into paste for dishes like moi-moi (baked beans), akara (beans balls) and bean soup. I will explain further in a bit. Processed beans can also be dried and preserved for long periods.

Like rice, beans are also exported into Nigeria to meet up the unending demand. This export also stems from a shortage of beans farmers in the country.

Read Also: How To Make Nigerian Beans Pie

How To Start Beans Farming In Nigeria
Beans Farming in Nigeria – Photo Source: https://www.africabusinessclassroom.com

Nigeria is blessed with rich soil, it is important to cultivate the habit of gardening within our environs. I wonder why people lack food and go hungry when we live on land that can practically grow any kind of food in at least minute quantities.

You can start by planting crops that you and your immediate family can feed on, farming is not restricted for commercial purposes.

As a major source of protein, vitamin B and folic acid, Beans is absolutely important to the body. The legume also contains minerals like iron, selenium, magnesium, potassium, calcium and a very rich source of fibre.

It is a must have that can be made into the following forms: i will list the bean dishes consumed daily in large quantities as a pointer to how much beans sells:

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Akara: is a famous Nigerian street food, consumed in large quantities either as breakfast or dinner on a daily basis. There is almost no Nigerian street where you won’t find Akara being fried in a corner except for restricted areas like high brow residential estates and offices.

Also known as bean balls, it is made by washing off the skin and coats of the bean seeds and blending with aid of a blending machine into a smooth paste which is infused with seasoning and fried in either groundnut or palm oil till it turns brown.

Moi-moi: this is made from a similar process mentioned above. The bean seeds are thoroughly washed and blended into a smooth paste which is infused with desired seasoning and cooking oil of choice.

It is then wrapped in leaves commonly known as moi-moi leaves, foil paper, tins or small transparent polythene bags and cooked till done.

Rice and Beans: is another bean delicacy where beans is combined with rice in a jollof form or in plain form to be eaten with stew.

Beans Porridge: The beans is cooked alone in porridge form. It can be eaten with sweet corn, plantain, yam, bread, garri, sweet or Irish potato.

How Profitable Is Beans Farming In Nigeria:

Beans farming is a very profitable venture because of the demand for it. A cursory look at eateries, homes, hotels and anywhere people are gathered to eat reveals a large percentage of beans consumption.

As a beans farmer, you don’t have to suffer the fear of not selling your harvest because there is constant demand for it.

You have options of supplying to boarding schools, hotels, eateries, caterers and even whole sellers will be readily available to buy from you.

All you have to do is to create enough awareness on your farm by publicizing it through every available means. If a bag of beans goes for an estimated cost of 20,000 naira. 50 harvested bags will yield 20,000 x 50=1,000000. That’s a good profit margin.

Read Also: How To Start Food Packaging Business In Nigeria

How to farm Beans in Nigeria

I will list a few basics on how to start beans farming in Nigeria.

Location: Beans grow well in areas with minimum rainfall; it requires minimum rainfall of about 300 to 400mm per crop cycle. The most suitable soil for propagating beans solely depends on the type of beans you want to grow.

Dwarf beans grow better on soil with less moisture levels while climbing types grow well in areas with heavy rainfall. The soil should be moderately heavy with a neutral ph and a good drainage.

Avoid salty areas as Beans is sensitive to salt. After locating your land, plough it to loosen it in readiness for planting.

In Nigeria, suitable lands for beans farming are mostly located in the south east and south west; this however has not stopped even northerners from growing beans.

Select your seeds: Select the best variety or specie of seeds that will grow well in allocated land. Selection should be done manually to ensure that only healthy seeds are propagated. In Nigeria, brown and white beans are commonly reared, these will definitely grow better.

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Planting: Plant your seeds in rows or blocks, they must be planted within six inches between each other. Weed your farm often and properly to avoid damaging the roots.

There is no specific planting season for beans, the crop can be planted anytime and this is a plus for beans farmers. Also note that, compost manure (manure from animal droppings) is the most suitable for beans farms, you can also use nitrogen fertilizers sparingly as too much nitrogen prevents pods from forming when due.

Pole beans grows as a clinging vine that maybe be up to fifteen feet tall, these will require staking to aid proper growth.

Beans farmers must take cognizance of the fact that bean seeds barely survive transplanting; it is therefore not advisable to start growing seed indoors because the blossoms tend to drop from the plant when the weather gets hot.

Capital and Labour Required: Like any other farm, capital required for starting a beans farm depends on the size of farm you desire.

Planting solely for your own consumption requires very little money but planting for commercial purpose is bit more capital intensive.

The major issue here for commercial farmers is getting a piece of land, after this, it is quite easy to get seeds and manure.

For a farm that will yield about a hundred bags of beans, you will need close to a million naira; a lesser yield of about fifty bags of beans will require at least five hundred thousand to start up.

Equipment Needed: include wheel barrows, tractors or mini tractors, spraying machines, cutlass etc The good here is that farm equipment can be hired or leased to save cost as purchasing them yourself is way too expensive.

Management Strategy: It is compulsory to hire experienced labour who can assist in your farming without ignorantly causing damage to beans.

Read Also: 7 ways to Encourage youth participation in agriculture; a panacea to youth unemployment in Nigeria.

Conclusion:

The best way to abate hunger is by farming. Farming feeds you and generates a plausible income for those who steadfast.

Nigerians are blessed with a good vegetation, infoGuide encourages everyone to start with a little garden, build your interest in agriculture, invest in it and enjoy high returns on your investment. Thank you for reading!

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Lami Ogar

Lami is from cross river state and holds a B.sc in accounting from a Nigerian university. Writing for her is a form of detoxification, she has written several articles for Essence magazine and runs political commentary on twitter. InfoGuide Nigeria is a team of Resource Persons and Consultants led by Ifiokobong Ibanga. Page maintained by Ifiokobong Ibanga. If you need a personal assistance on this topic, kindly contact us.

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