Dettol is a disinfectant used in many Nigerian homes. It is a multipurpose disinfectant used in homes, offices, companies and organizations.
It is added to water to wash clothes and fabrics, bath, clean kitchen utensils, used as an antiseptic to clean wounds. It is used as a germicide to kill harmful germs. As a germicide, it has bacteriologic and bactericidal modes of action.
Many Nigerians think that is difficult and expensive to produce Dettol. However, it is cheap and easy to produce. Hence, this article will explain in detail the steps to produce Dettol in our homes and also, how to package and market it to make money weekly and monthly. You will no longer have to waste money to buy expensive disinfectants again from the market.
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Do you know that Unilever, the producer of Dettol, soaps and other disinfectants produce these items at a cheaper price? For example, it spends just #50 to produce a bottle of Dettol and sells it at #400?Can you beat that?
This is the reason why you should be able to produce your own Dettol cheaply and conveniently to make profit and stop wasting money to buy expensive disinfectants.
Profitability of Producing Dettol
Dettol production is a business that requires low capital to start it. The ingredients used for producing it can be sourced cheaply from the environment and companies that sell them.
It is surprising that the cost of producing one bottle of Dettol is #50, which is sold at #400 after producing it. You can not beat the profit margin.
Let us do the calculation. If 1000 bottles of Dettol are produced , and are sold at #400 per bottle. Then, the profit is 1000 bottles multiplied by #50 which is #500,000.
This represents the amount of profit made weekly for small scale Dettol production enterprise. This shows that producing Dettol is profitable.
This is also due to the fact that most homes use Dettol everyday. Therefore, the demand and supply of Dettol is guaranteed daily.
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Amount of Money Needed for the Investments
Starting a Dettol production business is not expensive. You can start producing Dettol with as low as #15,000 and gradually scale up the amount to start the commercial production of Dettol.
Tool/Materials/Ingredients Needed and Where to Find Them
The materials used for making Dettol are chemical compounds. They are:
It is a foaming agent. It is basically a detergent that forms micelles. These micelles allow non-pillar or organic substances like oil to be dissolved in water.
It is also called hydroxyl benzene. It is an aromatic compound which has a sweet smell. It belongs to the group of alcohols. It is used in low concentration as a disinfectant in Dettol. It is also used as a mouth wash.
It is the main antiseptic agent in Dettol. It has antibacterial mode of action which makes it to kill germs and reduce inflammation. In terms of percentage ingredient composition in Dettol, it is the largest have 48%.
However, it is important to be careful when using it. At higher concentration, it is known to cause rashes, inflammation of the face, mouth, itchy throat, tongue blisters, peeling of skin and difficulty in breathing.
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4. Isopropyl Alcohol
Abbreviated as IPA, it is also one of the most important compounds required for Producing Dettol. It’s properties include:
a. It is a colourless liquid.
b. It is a flammable liquid.
c. It has a strong odour.
d. It has antiseptic property which makes Dettol to kill germs when cleaning wound.
It is a universal solvent. It is the solvent used for dissolving and mixing all ingredients used for producing Dettol.
6. Pine Oil
From the name, it extracted from the Pine tree. It is an a antiseptic and a disinfectant with a pleasant smell. When diluted in water, it forms a cloudy solution.
It gives Dettol its characteristic colour.
8. Castor Oil
It functions chiefly to stabilize carbolic acid in the Dettol solution.
These materials can be procured from companies selling laboratory chemicals in Nigeria and abroad. Water is available everywhere.
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Step-by-Step Process of Production
For the purpose of this post, I will list the amount of chemical reagents needed to produce 1 litre of Dettol. You can use it as a guide to produce any amount of litres of Dettol such as 5 litres, 10 litres , 15 litres.
a. Texapon=0.5 cup
b. Chloroxylenol=1 cup
c. Isopropyl Alcohol=0.5litres
d. Water=1 litre
e. Pine oil=0.5 cup
f. Castor oil=.0.5 cup
g. Colouring: Add quantity as desired
h. Carbolic acid=0.5 cup
1. Get an empty bowl/container.
2. Place the bowl/container on a flat table surface.
3. Pour Texapon into the empty container,
4. Add pine oil to the Texapon. Stir the two together to mix them well.
5. Add Phenol and stir to mix thoroughly.
6. Add Chloroxylenol and stir to mix thoroughly.
7. Add Carbolic acid to the mix and stir to mix thoroughly.
8. Add the right amount of water to the mixture and stir to ensure thorough mixing of the ingredients.
9. Add IPA to the mixture and stir thoroughly.
10. Add colouring as desired and dissolve in water before adding to the mixture
Note that colouring should be added last.
Allow the mixture to settle for some time before packaging into bottles.
Note: To test the Dettol produced, pour some of the prepared Dettol into a bucket of water and wait to see if a white cloudy solution is formed.
Dettol is packaged in 250ml bottles, 500ml bottles and 1 litre bottles.The packaging bottle contain the manufacturing date, expiry date, list of ingredients, Dettol logo, NAFDAC number, batch number, volume of container, manufacturer’s address, e-mail, customer care lines, hot lines,etc.
Dettol can be marketed directly to wholesalers and retailers. It can also be marketed directly to schools, tertiary institutions , hospitals, laboratories and research institutes.
It can be marketed by using social media. Radio, television and media houses can also be used to market Dettol .
You can market Dettol by distributing product flyers and leaflets to the public. Displayed Banners of Dettol could also be used to market Dettol.
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